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HH Morant

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  1. Hair algae is often caused by too much light. Evaluate for too much light from your fixture, from the light fixture in the room, or from a window. Light intensity is as important as the amount of time the light is on. Any sunlight at all really makes hair algae grow.
  2. If you go to Amazon books and search for "aquarium" there are a few freshwater books listed. I like aquariumscience.org, which is not a book, but could be.
  3. People eat plants that are fertilized with manure. I think you'll be OK.
  4. I have never drip-acclimated a fish, but I usually float them a little while just for temperature adjustment. The plop and drop method is based on the assumption that, after shipping, anything you drop the fish into will be healthier than the water that has been in that bag with the fish for 48 hours. Bringing fish home from the LFS is different. It's not an emergency to get the fish out of the bag because they have been in there less than an hour. Still I have a hard time believing that the fish died from the shock of a different water condition, since it seems unlikely that your water is drastically different from the water they were in before. It is not clear from what I read on this thread whether there were symptoms before death or how long it took the fish to die after they were put in the new tank. It looks like it was 4 or 5 days between the time the fish were brought home from the LFS on the weekend and the time when the last fish died. The apparent health of the remaining fish at the store tends to indicate a lack of disease, but, as Tihshho points out, dozens of fish from that tank may have died, we just don't know. I like the aquariumscience.org site. The author has changed the way I approach filtration and I tend to consult his site when I need to know something. I think he is right about most things. In this case, I don't know how we can ascertain why the fish died. They died after being introduced to a new tank, but post hoc ergo propter hoc is a famous fallacy.
  5. OK plants need trimming. Just letting them grow to get ready to transfer plants to new aquarium.
  6. The higher your ph, the more toxic ammonia/nitrites are. I recommend you read the whole article on "Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate, and Chlorine", but here is a chart from that article at aquariumscience.org:
  7. You have not said anything about your filter. We talk about cycling the aquarium, but it might be more helpful to look at it as cycling your filter. Beneficial bacteria needs a relatively rapid flow to to live and multiply in great numbers. If surface area in the aquarium were equal to surface area in the filter, we would not need filters for biological filtration. While some beneficial bacteria does grow in the aquarium, there is much more beneficial bacteria in the filter than there is in all of the surface area inside the aquarium. This is because of the rapid flow inside the filter. If you have a cycled aquarium at work, take some of the filter media from that aquarium and put it in your home aquarium filter. You are right to use water changes to control the ammonia. You will need to keep doing that until the aquarium is cycled.
  8. I have a lava rock substrate in my 120 gallon and it works fine. You linked to home depo pebbles, but they are probably going to be too big to be practical. I used 1/4" lava rock gravel that I bought from Bonsai Jack. I used a sieve to get rid of the dust and particles smaller than 1/8". I am considering adding and under gravel filter to my tank. That will be a project, but I have already ordered the under gravel filter.
  9. I have to reach down into the tank. The pill gun is not long. But it can get the root tab 3-4 inches under the substrate surface if you insert it up to the hilt.
  10. I use a pill gun (Amazon) which is manufactured to give pills to animals. It is the right size, it is cheap, and it works. Pet Supplies : 4 Pieces Pet Syringe Pet Pill/Tablet Syringe with Safety Tip Small Animal Pill Shooter Pet Pill Feeding Dispenser for Cats Dogs Birds (White) : Amazon.com
  11. Baby bristlenose growing, but snails multiplying because of increased food in the tank.
  12. Once every 3 weeks, 50-67% water change in a 120-gallon tank. 13 angels, an electric blue acara, 4 bristlenose, 3 albino marbled hoplos, 2 brown hoplos, 7 corydoras. I try not to clean the 2 canister filters unless flow is decreased significantly, and it looks like that will be every 3 months or so. I don't have any mechanical filtration in the canisters, so that helps them function for a long time between cleanings and more fully develop as biological filters.
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