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  1. Ok I bought a 32 gallon about 4 years ago.. When I started I got an angel, pearl gourami and a albino common pleco. I left the tank 2 weeks using the bottle my pet guy gave me and doing nothing else 😛 I put them all in the tank and they grew and were happy with my sponge filter and hang on the back and so on. Well I was an armature.. I scrubbed, I cleaned with new water I freaked at algae you name it I did it but the main fish lived. Well a few months in I think ok I'm adding mollies and guppys and corydoras everything died in a month. Then it got bad and my angel started laying eggs and anything I put in the tank she was killing and she eventually started attacking the gourami. Now I was still new and didn't really know what route to take here so I put the angel fish to sleep thinking the gourami is fine and my problems will be ok. Well she also died due to so much injury. Now I have a fresh tank with nothing but 1 catfish cool right.. I give it a good clean and run out and get 6 guppies and 2 African dwarf frogs. Then the tank starts leaking! I get a 20 gal tote I move everyone over Including there water. I reseal the tank and all is good. I put all the decorations back and fill the tank.. But I didn't give it the time it needed to reacclimate so i take 20 gal of brand new fresh water dechlorinated and transfer all the fish over. immediately they are gasping for air and within min I killed them all! I'm not at all feeling like the fish witch. So I take it slow this time I put a new sponge filter in the tank and take out the over the hanging one. I put in the canister media one I and had had in the previous tank and I got some seachem prime and i'm good right? Go get 2 more frogs just start simple... I got some java fern and a few Anubis like ok plants are good been watching lots of co op videos and KGTropicals videos and i'm thinking I got this. Add 5 neon tetras and everything is great no issues everyone is happy. Then I think ok I want a betta for the center piece fish here it's in my daughters room and she will love it. I finally get a test kit.. yes just now. OMG my ammonia is at 8!! I immediately start changing water at like 50% every other day for 2 weeks. And you guess it I look a frog.. So umm asking other fish people now I have got ammo lock to use, I have 3 crypts the java fern and 2 Anubis and some frog bite in there. I have dumped mass amount of bottled bacteria to simulate it's growth. I checked my own water no ammonia.. MY TANK WONT CYCLE! I now do 25% change every week sometimes 2 times if the ammonia gets to high but it is almost always 4 or above when I check.. My 5 gal betta tank no issues runs wonderful has perfectly cycled with an adorbs baby in it. I know places I went wrong but i'm on 3 months with the same fish, adding plants and doing regular water changes shouldnt have cycled?
  2. Mr. Fish has an early case of dropsy. Using only a bit of epsom salt and kanaplex as directed. Have had tank cycled with ZERO issues for a year. (ie ammonia always has been 0, nitrites 0, nitrates 20 - 40 (only around 40 a few times), PH always 8.2 (high I know but stable) with same values as recent as 3 days ago. Nitrates were a bit higher (30). I just did first dose of Kanaplex yesterday. I tested the water tonight (as I have been every few days lately due to his initial inactivity) and for the first time ever Ammonia is reading 0.25-0.35 ish. Nitrites 0 Nitrates 20. PH 8.2 All parameters are the same except Ammonia. I changed 25% of water a couple of hours prior to yesterday's Kanaplex dose. Same filter media in place as has been (sponges - several). No carbon. No UV. Temp at 70-72. I found a forum online with a fella that had an immediate 1.0 ammonia reading after kanaplex and he emailed seachem. (using API master as well) He copied their reply several days later stating that lab folks confirmed kanaplex CAN give a false reading for ammonia. I'm wondering if it simply killed off my good bacteria or do I trust this may be a false reading. So - next dose due tomorrow after a 25% water change, and I'm wondering this: 1. Do I risk another dose or stop? 2. Can I add some 'safe start' BB or will the meds simply go to work on that vs the issue at hand?? 3. And would safe start help fast enough IF ammonia spikes again or higher? 4. Is it possible or has anyone experienced kanaplex giving a false reading? 5. Is there any thoughts or ways to confirm false reading vs an actual cycle crash? Also, I am in Canada so access to most of what I'd like to have on hand is slow or impossible. API has an ammo-lock but haven't read reviews or details to know much about how helpful that will be. Plus I dislike adding much more. For water treatment, I use API Stress Coat +, but thankfully our well water shows 0 for anything concerning. I compare my tap water to my tank often and not a lot of difference shows. Appreciate any ideas or thoughts. I'm on NO sleep (fish watch) so could be missing something super obvious.
  3. I set up my first aquarium 5 days ago and now I notice some algae starting to grow. ATM I'm cicling my planted tank (no fish or Shrimp so far) with the addition of liquid starter bacteria and co2. I seem to recall it to be normal for algae to grow during the time a tank is established and that the algae will "stop" growing once the cicling is done. Is that more or less correct or should I start to clean up the algae in addition to the water changes? Sorry if my englisch is wierd it's not my first language...
  4. I'm a bit of a novice so looking for some guidance. I've had my 36 gallon for just over a month now. Initially added some water sprite and Christmas moss and a whole bottle of Fritz zyme. Running an aquaclear 50 filter with intake sponge. Initially Ammonia jumped to 1ppm and nitrites got to about .5ppm. After about a week ammonia dropped to .25ppm and nitries to 0ppm so we added our school of 13 neon tetras. Ammonia stayed at .25ppm with nitrites still at 0ppm so we added our Honey Gourami and 6 emerald Corys. Same readings so we added our 2 zebra Loaches, adult bristle nose Pleco and a baby koi angel. Ammonia has now floated between .5ppm and 1ppm. I'm doing larger water changes (30-40%) every couple days and treating the water with prime and everyone in the tank is doing fine, however the ammonia is still not dropping. I'm definitely not over feeding and am only feeding 6 days a week. Nitrates are consistently around 10ppm and the plants are thriving and we've recently had a brown algae bloom. I just added some extra bio media to the filter 2 days ago since there was room in there. I had ammonia pads in there but that didn't seem to help. Am I just being impatient here? Shouldn't my ammonia levels be dropping? They've never surpassed 1ppm and based on using an ammonia calculator my free ammonia level should be safe for the fish but I'm still treating with Prime out of an abundance of caution. I just tested again this morning and got 1ppm so gonna do another large water change. I realize I probably jumped the gun a bit on adding fish but the bottom of the tank is definitely clear of detritus with all the water changes I'm doing and like I said I am sure I am not over feeding. Do I just need to allow more time for the cycle to complete?
  5. I just put in a 45 gallon tank. I was thinking of exchanging 1 gallon of aquarium water for 1 gallon of new safe water daily. Would this be a good idea?
  6. Hello all, I’m a newbie here! My 5 year old son and I got into the hobby about a month and a half ago and I need help! I set up our 15 gallon tank about 6 weeks ago. I filled the tank up with tap water and doses accordingly with stress coat and a day later I dosed my tank with fritz ammonia chloride. My first mistake was over dosing with too much and got the ammonia upto about 8 ppm yikes. So I then did a water change and again dosed with stress coat did a 50 percent water change. I got it down to 4ppm. And I thought I was on my way! A co-worker of mine was kind enough to let us have his filter to help us out. And I installed it! Everything was going well but very slow!! After the 3 week mark I was down to 2ppm And that where it stayed for another 2 weeks with no budge. So I decided to reach out to Angels plus and bought a seeded filter I was thinking hey can’t hurt! But I hate to say it didn’t do much. I reached out to Fritz and asked what could I be doing wrong and they pointed me in the direction of checking my gh and kh and sure enough I was low in each!(my tap water base is 4gh and 3kh) I added a dose of seachem equilibrium and alkaline buffer. About 3 days ago and haven’t seen much happen😔 I’m a bit discouraged my son has grown impatient and I feel like everything I do and I can’t get it to cycle. Does anyone have any suggestions or any idea what I could be doing wrong? I have heat 82degrees. And an air stone on my sponge filter. thank you everyone in advance and don’t be too hard on me I’m a newbie trying to learn as much as I possibly can!
  7. Im so confused! The tank details: I just set up this 55 gallon. It has a fluval fx4 with a heater, bubbler, prefilter, and spray bar. I added the monte carlo about 3 weeks ago and the other plants about 3 days ago. The monte carlo was a tissue culture, so all the terrestrial leaves are melting and new ones are growing in, as well a new roots. Ive added easy green and easy carbon around every other day for the last week and a half. I also added cycled media from my old tanks and beneficial bacteria starter liquid. Now for the problem: I just checked my nitrates and the its sitting really high, around 40-80ppm (i cant really tell which color it is based on the chart). The ammonia is at 0ppm and the ph is around 7. I think it maybe all the melting from the monte carlo causing a spike in ammonia->nitrates. Ive never had this happen during a tank start up. Also, should I do a large water change. I have ludwigia in the tank and have read they dont like dramatic changes in water parameters. If I should, what percentage do you recommend? Update: I just moved into this new apartment thats a few blocks away. I assumed the water was the same. However, this is the reading of the faucet water with dechlorinater in it. Nitrates: 20ppm, ph is at 8.2., ammonia is at 0~0m25ppm. Is this normal? Also, after a 50% water change my waters sitting at about 40ppms still and ph is now 7.8. Should i do another 50% water change?
  8. I see recommendations to add only one or a few fish to a new aquarium because the cycling may still be going on, but also when adding schooling fish it's recommended to add at least 6, preferably more. I have a 17 gallon planted tank that I've set up almost 2 weeks ago. Some of the plants melted at first, but are now coming back and growing really well. I wasn't adding ammonia, because I figured the decaying plants would serve that purpose. There are also bladder snails and they are growing and multiplying. I've done one water change so far of maybe 10%. My test strip gave me these results a couple of hours after: NO3 - 10-25 mg/l NO2 - 1 GH - 4 degrees KH - 20 degrees pH - 8 Cl2 - 0 I'm going to add some minerals before I add fish to raise GH. Should I be doing anything else? I would like to keep glowlight danios or white clouds. When and how should I add them to the tank? Do I wait another 4-6 weeks and then add them all at once?
  9. In a few weeks I'll be setting up my 75, but my delivery of 2 large sponge filters for the 75 should arrive this week. Would it be wise for me to run the new sponge filters in my established 55 so that they will cycle faster? If so, how long would you suggest I run them in the 55 gallon?
  10. I want to upgrade my 2nd 2.5 gallon (as I’m currently in the process of upgrading the 1st) to double the size with a 5 gallon. My question is, can I get away without cycling the new tank if I take everything (substrate, decor, equipment, water) and put into new tank? Would it not be the near equivalent of doing a 50% water change? Second question: if I want to change filter to a sponge filter instead of the stupid cartridge one after moving to new tank, can I just hook up the sponge and leave the old cartridge in for a bit or safe to remove completely and replace?
  11. So, I unfortunately lost all but 2 of my fish in my 20gal tank due to fin rot (I didn't catch it in time). So, I'm taking this opportunity to change up my tank to a planted shrimp tank with some fish. With that being said I will have to change my substrate and take out all my decor. After setting up my new tank will I have to let it completely cycle again?
  12. Currently my tank is cycling (8th day) and water parameters are Ammonia - 0.25 PPM Nitrite - 0 ppm Nitrate - 0 PPM I have around 25 guppies with bunch of plants, 1 hang on back filter , 1 sponge filter and 1 bio bed filter. feeding twice a day very little food. Added sachem stability and prime for last seven days and today added only prime. do i have to be concerned about this ammonia at 0.25 and if there are ways i can bring down this ammonia to zero ? please advice
  13. I am cycling a new 40 gallon breeder using the plant in method per the Co-op YouTube videos. Cory said that we needed to get up to 20ppm Nitrates to keep the plants healthy. It took me 16 pumps or 4 pumps per 10 gallon to get to that level. Is this a normal amount of fertilizer to add when starting? Any concern with overloading some of the micronutrients? Or is this just the initial boost of fertilizer needed when starting up, and the 1 pump per 10 gallons will maintain after that? And more plants are arriving from the Co-op today, but here is my tank currently. Been running about 2 weeks so far. Got the nitrates up after listening to more streams on the app. I've been dosing the normal amount until now.
  14. I have my first tank set up (20gal) and have been testing the water at least once a week for about a month. Ph 7.6/ PH HI RANGE 8 / AMMONIA 0 / NITRATE2 0/ NITRATE3 0. I'm still having trouble digesting these parameters. I sort of understand what they mean, but it seems to be different for different fish. I just want to know if i am ready for fish. The plan is 1 male betta, 10 celestial pearl danios, 4 panda cories and 2 nerite snails. Maybe a few cherry shrimp (maybe). I'm confused about the nitrate3, shouldn't it be higher? Or does that come after adding fish? I have added the bacteria as instructed but the parameters have not changed. Am I ready??!! Thanks for your comments
  15. Hello! I am doing a fishless cycle on a new tank (1st time) with ammonia. My ammonia and nitrite levels are high, nitrates slowly rising. Tank is heavily planted. Got algea growth today! My question is, how are the baby trumpet snails that came in on my plants last week still alive? Will they survive this toxic environment? Thanks!
  16. If you've missed my saga up to this point, here are the details: I needed to treat my tank with Levamisole last month to try to save my guppies. The treatment seemed to have worked, however, it killed the cycle of my 55 gallon tank. We've been doing water changed quite frequently, just to keep the ammonia, and then the nitrites, within tolerable ranges, for the sake of the guppies. The tank still looks like this: So I'm racking my brain to do anything possible to help the balance fall into place. We added a sponge filter already seeded from another tank, and hornwort just last week. Today, I worked on the following project. I took these 2-inch hydroponic cups and cut the bottom out. I added small rooted groups of pothos into each cup and held them in place with the rockwool. I made sure the roots came through the bottom of the cups. I still had a gap in the back of the glass lid from where I removed the HOB. Four of these cups fit perfectly in the opening. And the roots all dropped right down into the water. I really, really hope these roots will help pull some of the nitrates out and help this tank get back to normal! I had 3 pieces of the pothos left, so I submerged them in a couple of my other tanks. I'm interested to see if I can get it to grow there. So, that's what I did today. Any other ideas that I could try to help hurry this cycle along? Alesha
  17. Found this page some time ago, perhaps some of you might know it. Most of the articles are from a few years ago, but the author has recent updates on them. There's lots of info there but this one in particular caught my eye: https://www.golias.net/akvaristika/experiments-nitrification.php Some highlights of the experiment: An empty aquarium with a filter without filter media can break down at least the same amount of ammoniacal nitrogen as an aquarium with a handful of high-quality filter media (Seachem Matrix alias pumice) in 24 hours. The use of filter media in the filter is most likely unnecessary (at least in terms of nitrification) in a planted aquarium with a reasonable fish stock. The importance of filtration (or filter media) appears to be overestimated (at least in terms of nitrification). It is also quite possible that many filters may increase ammonium concentration in the aquarium rather than reduce it effectively. Some filters may function as "traps" and producers rather than "degraders" of organic waste. To break down such an extreme concentration of ammoniacal nitrogen as 30 ppm NH3/NH4+ virtually zero filter media is needed. This means that even the minimal amount of nitrifying bacteria that can be produced on ordinary surfaces inside an aquarium, in hoses or in an empty filter, is enough to break down virtually any amount of ammoniacal nitrogen that could occur in a normal planted aquarium. The most effective filter medium in the degradation of ammonia (nitrification) has proved to be an ordinary foam filter called sponge filter**. It managed to break down an incredible 3.15 grams of pure ammonia (70 ppm) in a 12G (45ℓ) aquarium in 24h, which no other filter (or filter media) tested was able to manage.**For an idea: This amount of ammonia is produced by more than 10 kg of adult Neon Tetras in 24 hours. We constantly hear from seasoned fishkeepers that most likely we don't even need filtering media or even a filter, as our tanks are already full with bacteria (with reasonable fish stocking), and here's the proof of it. Among other amazing finds is that nitrifying bacteria living on the biofilm of the filters themselves also take a considerable role in biofiltration. Author completely cleaned the surfaces of the canister filter, removing every bit of biofilm BUT placed cycled media. The media wasn't able to completely remove the ammonia concentration by itself in 24hrs, so in conclussion the biofilm plays a part too! Don't scrub it off! I urge you to read the entire article, it's really interesting. Thoughts? Criticism on the experiments?
  18. Hi! I just got some new Aquarium Co-Op sponge filters for my tank and am planning on replacing the old ones. I have a 10 gallon betta tank with a center divider and a sponge filter on each side. The tank has been established for over a year. I know that I will need to set the new filters in the tank while the old ones continue running, and that I should only add one new filter at a time, but how long should I wait before taking the old ones out? My brother said a month, but I’ve also seen 1 week. My bettas love their plants and I don’t have a lot of spare room in the base of the tank, plus one of the old filters has gotten noisy and it’s driving me crazy. Any advise would be appreciated! Thank you!
  19. Hi everyone, I'm Maggie. Like so many here I recently became re-interested in fishkeeping after being out of it for many years (fam, job, cost, etc). I don't exactly remember what sparked my interest again, but first I read up on and looked at photos of what kind of fish I wanted. I watched several of Cory's videos to hear the descriptions and more about the fish. I knew I wanted a peaceful community tank but didn't really want tetras or guppies. It turns out I really love harlequin rasboras, so I built my dream tank around them, hopefully to end up with around 15 or so. I have a 45-gal tank that is now fairly heavily planted. My showstoppers will be 2 or 3 pearl gourami, and I love the peppered cory cat (planning on 4), but there are several other adorable cories, too. My tank is about 3/4 done with fishless cycling using ammonia. Algea started growing 2 days ago, nitrates are finally rising, up to almost 20, ammonia and nitrites have been steadily high w/dosing. I am at that "I can't wait" point right now!! I have some trumpet snails that came in on my plants and am wondering how they are still surviving the ammonia bath. I just know I'm going to want a 10 gal for some cherry shrimp, which I've heard are expensive snacks for gourami, so I need a separate tank for them. Then they'll need some fishy companions in the form of (maybe) green kubotai rasboras and a few cories. I am looking forward to learning a lot from everyone and sharing fish stories!
  20. I have a 75g community tank that’s been up for about 8 months. I want to set up a new 20g tank to separate out the female guppy’s. If I put a new sponge filter in my 75g how long should I wait to use it in the new tank and have it seeded.
  21. Hello, I am setting up a tank in which I plan to breed guppies...this will be my fourth tank, but the first that I have attempted to cycle using Cory's method as laid out in this video: Cycling a Planted Aquarium Biological Filter So, my question here is how do I know when it is safe to add fish? My understanding is that the gross algae growing everywhere will be able to take care of any ammonia/nitrite/nitrate spikes from adding fish gradually, and as the fish eat the algae, and you adjust the feeding of the tank down to only the level of the plants you want to keep, as the algae levels settle down the beneficial bacteria will catch up, thereby achieving a "cycled" tank without seeing the typical indicators. Is this a correct understanding? If the tank is all gross and algae covered, does that mean it is now time to toss in some guppies? Thanks!
  22. I have 3 large sponge filters (not as big as Cory's 😂) that I would like to pre-seed. But I don't have an aquarium open that doesn't have snails in them. And I want to put different kinds of snails in the new tanks. My plan is to use aquarium water in a 5 gallon bucket and run the sponges. I'm assuming I would need to add something more to build the bacteria biome. I would prefer not to heat it. Unheated in the basement is about 68 degrees. I can't take any media from my other tanks because of the snails/eggs. Thoughts? Ideas? Thanks!
  23. I received my plants and placed them in my aquarium on sat this week. The aquarium is going though its cycle.. ph 6.6 ammonia is 1 ppm and nitrite 2 ppm and nitrates are 20ppm.. When do i fertilize tank ,.also the tank has been cycling 2 weeks now do i need to water change 25 percent or just let tank cycle. Thanks everyone
  24. Hello, My name is Hunter in from Phoenix AZ. I have been in the hobby for almost a month now trying to cycle my fish tank so that I can get some beautiful African Cichlids. I have a 210 tank and my numbers are Ammonia is around a 1.0 Nitrites are 0 and Nitrates are rising. (I tested yesterday afternoon Nitrates were around 5.0ppm) 09/26/2020 I do have a friend in the Hobby that has a sponge filter I was about to barrow for “instant cycling” (if that is truly true) when I did my test for fun about 4 hours after I put the sponge in my levels were ammonia 1.0 Nitrites 1.0 and Nitrates 0 My friend didn’t believe those numbers so about 15 after that we tested nitrites again and they were 0 Do Nitrites truly disappear that quickly? Does this mean my tank had Cycled? If so how do I lower my ammonia levels? Thanks, Hunter
  25. How long does it take for beneficial bacteria to grow on a new sponge filter when placed in an already cycled tank? I want to switch to a sponge filter because my current hang on the back is submerging and killing my floating plants. However, I'm worried that if I remove my old one too soon, the sponge won't have enough beneficial bacteria to safely maintain my tank. If it helps, the tank is a 5.5 gallon planted betta tank and has been running for about seven months now.
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