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Jungle Fan

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Jungle Fan last won the day on April 2

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  1. There are at least 19 different species of Otocinclus and most of them with the exception of the endangered Zebra Otocinclus end up in the trade under the catch all Otocinclus affinis. Of the nine in my tank at least 2 are Otocinclus arnoldi, although I rarely get to see them in my tank with all the crypts, and roots. Finding Otos is like an advanced level version of "Where is Waldo?" with them attached to crypt leaves, however when I do water changes they all hang out together.
  2. Nah, but as much money as I've left there throughout my life, you'd think I should own it by now! 😄LOL
  3. Juvenile broad tailed hummingbird, Colorado.
  4. Nope, after I got out of nursing for health reasons, I went back to photography, did some teaching as a language instructor, and medical technical translations.
  5. Cool, I took some of that for my B.S.N. in Nursing, if only I could've combined it with my graduate degrees in Mass Communication, emphasis on Photography, and American Studies, all of that would have really added up to something.
  6. @Fishdude what subject do you teach?
  7. Sounds more like bacterial infection to me.
  8. I hope this article might shed some light on this for you: https://www.aquariumnexus.com/freshwater-shrimp-diseases-parasites-remedies/
  9. Remove what is there from the substrate, it looks like you are using sand, so after removing the worst you could stir it a bit to break up what is compacted (sand has a tendency to do that, aside from being a tough medium for most plants), the cyanobacteria on the glass just above or below the substrate line can be removed with a used credit, or club membership card by scraping it along the glass, increase flow, increase aeration. Chemi-Clean, or Ultralife Blue Green Slime Stan Remover are two aquarium products designed to treat cyanobacteria but unless conditions change it has a tendency to return later. PS: CO2 won't have an impact one way, or the other, except for in very extremely heavily planted tank where you can't even see the substrate. Pulling the plants in the picture would most likely be counterproductive as they don't seem to have cyanobacteria growing on them yet, but if they have started to affect the plants, then yes you want to remove the cyanobacteria, unless you can use Chemi-Clean, or Ultralife.
  10. As @James Black said I've been keeping an Amazon inspired 75 gallon tank for a while now, heavily planted, 15 Rummynose Tetras, 35 Cardinal Tetras, 6 Bolivian Rams, 9 Otocinclus, Tiger Nerite Snails, Red Nerite Snails, Black Military Hemet Nerites, the occasional Bladder Snail hitchhiker, and very prolific Blue Dream Neocaridina Shrimp, and several Amano Shrimp. I too would advise against the Blue Acara, also if you want Tetras you'll be able to see at other times than while you're feeding in a heavily planted tank then Rummynose probably aren't the best choice, they tend to do what they like to do in their natural habitat and that is hide in the big plants when they are available. My Cardinal Tetras are out in the open all the time and schooling nicely, the Rummynoses tend to hang out among the crypts, Lobelia Cardinalis, and Ludwigia. If you want a pair of Apistos in a 40 gallon, I would add one pair of Bolivian Rams at the most and even that might be pushing it depending on Apisto species. With the six rams I have in my 75 gallon they seem to get along fine most of the time, but even here I can observe quibbling over territorial boundaries and the occasional chase now and then. If you are looking for plant advice take a look at my tank thread to see what might inspire you. I list all the species in my tank:
  11. I would add either some more wood, or rocks and plant them with your choice of Anubias, Bucephalandra, Java fern, or Bolbitis because as you surmised Cryptocoryne, and Amazon swords are root feeders that rely heavily on the substrate, that even more so than stem plants don't do so well in sand. Of course it seems it would be easy enough to drain the tank and add some regular substrate of your choice wherever you want to plant Crypts, or swords but if you want the buces to remain the focal point keep in mind that swords tend to grow large. From what I've seen many beginners seem to have trouble with microswords, so I would rather recommend Helanthium quadricostatus, a plant that was once considered part of the sword plant family and referred to as Broadleaf Chain Sword, and is comparable in size to crypts. Hope this helps.
  12. I remember when the smallest commercially available tanks were 10 and 5 gallon before the term 'nano' entered aquarist vocabulary they were just referred to a small tanks.
  13. My advice is to read technical manuals, five minutes flat and zzzzzzzzzzz! Unless it's camera manuals.
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