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  1. So I have a new planted 20 g I’m setting up, and trying to move everything from my pretty much failed 10 g. The pictures will explain everything. The 1st one is my 20 g, which I’m floating stems until roots come in and I can plant (I have a dirted substrate). All clean, starting to grow a little algae, but nice and green. I got them less than a week ago so I would expect it. The 2nd one is my grimey old filter (a Tetra Power Filter 40 if it matters) , which isn’t old at all but I forget to squeeze the sponges out every once in a while. Pretty much filled with sponge. 3rd one is the 10 g tank the HOB is running on, covered in algae and I’m hoping the new one will run a bit better. Still pretty damn dirty. I do water change once a week but it looks grimey as well. I don’t have a lid because….I’m using mine for the 20g currently. So I put the HOB on the 20g, I have a sponge filter in there and wanting to switch it out with the HOB thinking the HOB has more beneficial bacteria in it with so much sponge. Well the first thing I noticed in the clear water and bright light was a strange scum flowing from it (probably protein and other things) and these weird brown bubbles that came off that I assume were full of dust (they don’t pop and I remember having them when I put pool filter sand in my old tank and brown bubbles formed at the surface) , represented in the 4th, 5th, and 6th picture. Will the grime contaminate the nice plants? Because it also is bringing some algae.
  2. So I began to set up a dirted tank, but I don’t know if I have enough. In the pictures you can see there’s around an inch and a quarter (there’s some space beneath the black space) of organic seed starter- https://images.app.goo.gl/tD9k5GbNHix5uKM98 I assume it’s different from your standard miracle gro- and about the same amount made up in pool filter sand, pea pebbles (not pea gravel!) and a small bag of Caribsea gravel. I have a unsettling feeling that it won’t be enough though…so should I buy more substrate? I just don’t want it to be too expensive, and I ran out of all my sand and pebbles. Also I’ve heard sand isn’t great since it suffocates the dirt and everything. In the pictures included you can also see all the gravel pictures, measurements, a little diagram I drew and my ammonia (~.50) level after filling and draining my tank (once yesterday- the day I set it up) and again today. So…thoughts? Also I’m kinda nervous because the substrate seems to be mixing and pouring water on the substrate from a certain height seems to somehow bring out a little bit of dirt.
  3. I have been battling staghorn in my 29g for months and now it's in my newly set up 75g. I have a theory that it may be my tap water from my sink that I use to fill both tanks. I have used excel to kill the staghorn before but now it isn't working as well to kill it may have to pull plants out and spray with hydrogen peroxide this time. I'm also on the hunt for amano shrimp and some Florida flagfish to help keep it under control. What other steps should I take to help combat staghorn. Also my other 2 tanks both 10g don't have staghorn but I fill them with water that's on a water softener should I try using that water in the tanks that have staghorn? And lastly like the title says can tap water have enough iron in it to grow staghorn I only use ez green and foot tabs to fertilize.
  4. I've heard Cory say in Livestreams that he's used mineral oil in bubble counters to stop evaporation does anyone have experience with this. I've googled this topic and found a couple of results and seems like there are issues with it clogging check valves and people seem to run multiple check valves. Does this actually work not that I doubt Cory I'm just a bit worried on trying with my own tank.
  5. Do you quarantine new fish and/or plants? What is your quarantine process? Do you feed or fast? Meds? Do you have a dedicated QT tank? What size tank do you use? etc. Also how many fish have you lost in quarantine? Any special success stories or maybe a failure? I have quarantined all of my fish before going into a show tank. I quarantine in small groups of 6-8 in a 10g QT tank. The QT tank has gravel and some fake decorations as well as a sponge filter. I feed for 3 days to ensure the fish will eat and eat one of the foods I have on hand before fasting. On day 4, I begin fasting and on day 5 I start the Med Trio. The fish will fast for 5 days during the entire med process. Day 10, I do a 50% water change and slowly start feeding again. I observe the fish for roughly 4 to 7 more days until everyone appears happy and healthy and are eating and pooping. This method has worked and I havent seen any unhealthy/sick fish in my show tank. I have lost 2 fish while in quarantine. I lost 1 otocinclus from a group of 6 and I also lost 1 Rasbora Het. that was part of a group of 6. I also throw all new plants in the QT tank as I do not want "pest" snails in my show tanks. If buying from a local hobbyist, I also use Irene's alum dip on the plants to assist in keeping snails out. I like snails and keep nerite snails just dont want any that may breed of out of control as I feed heavy. This is the process I use and am curious to read how others do it or do not.
  6. Hey Guys. I hope everyone is holding up well. I have seen my Harlequin Rasbora school doing the motions of breeding. However no one actually seems to be laying eggs. I don't know if this is because they are still to small or not. So I have decided to try a new Repashy food and get some weight on them. What would you suggest is the best one for this? Community Plus?
  7. So this might be a little long (I guess it all relative). Just saying beforehand. I wanted to start a 10g planted tank that wasn’t all epiphytes at the beginning of the year. I heard gravel and sand with fertilizer was best for beginners, so I set it up with some pea pebbles (not fun to plant and it was a horrible substrate for plants) and some pool filter sand (first picture). One day this nasty (what I presumed to be) staghorn algae came along and absolutely wrecked my tank. But what I saw it loved the most was my parrots feathers leaves, which had been growing pretty well beforehand. I say presumed because I’m still not sure if it was. There was regular staghorn algae on the broader leafed plants but the one on the parrots feathers were very short, almost black, and killed the plants via blocking out their light (basically 2nd picture but a lot, lot worse. The 2nd picture is just the effects of the new algae.) Anyways, I had to dump that out. Weird thing was the sponge filter I had going seemed to have the highest amount of algae concentration on the plants near it. But besides the point. A couple months back I decided to cover everything in sand (3rd picture- except fast forward a couple months till now. I guess I didn’t take a picture of my tank at the time.) , since I could not for the life of me root anything in the pea pebbles but sand you just dropped it in there. Of course, they weren’t the healthiest. Also a couple months back a green hair algae took over my tank and yesterday I managed to remove as much as I could off of the things I could but there was still some on the plants, plus a ~50% water change. And at this time I was dosing Easygreen once a week or 2. So I’m not sure if any of the prior events was based on the inconsistent light (I had a timer, but the tank was near a window) and dosing (I was skimping trying to make the Easygreen last longer by trying to get it to 1 dose/2weeks. also forgot to mention my HOB was already cycled. Ammonia: 0ppm, Nitrites: 0 ppm, Nitrates: 10-20 ppm (they look wayyy too similar) So my questions are- how do I get rid of the algae on my plants? People say algae’s a good thing but it has decimated my plants over and over. And at the same time what should I do about my plants? I hear people say that you need a good plant mass first for fighting algae, but it seems like sand, and floating it especially (cuts off flow and gathers more algae, also noticed the stems of those plants rot for some reason (any idea how to stop that?). I wanted to to do a dirted tank but it turn out I just narrowly missed the local dollar per gallon sale. I was also planning to dirt the tank, and even though I have all stem plants (except Val) I just am desperate for some healthy plant growth without older leaves detiorating or everything being covered in algae. Do you guys think some terracotta pots with dirt could hold the plants over for a little bit and bring them back? What do you guys suggest I do? There’s just so many differing ideas on the Internet and YouTube (that and forums like these are where I get ~90% of all fish/plant info)- use ferts, blackout, don’t use all in ones, water change, etc. I just want to know something that I can do that will help. I want to water change but the whole “grow heathy plants first” thing doesn’t seem to work too well for me if I can’t dose, and my water sprite was looking kind of yellow. And I also plan to go with the terracotta pot plan since it seems simple enough. Also my light is set at 6 hours/day, have a budget Nicrew but forgot the name of the model, the metal case gets insanely hot though. The only plant that looks like it isn’t getting too affected by the algae is my slow Jungle Val (even a Seachem root tab under it didn’t seem to to have a lot of affect) and my new water sprite (some parts are looking dead or beat up tho). And forgot to mention the only things I have in there is 1 lone cherry shrimp and one (temporary resident) bamboo shrimp. And a couple pond snails. And the rest of the pictures is just the destruction the algae has made on my plants, the algae I pulled out, my light, etc. Here’s the pics: https://imgur.com/gallery/FPh05ki and I know algae is caused by an imbalance, an imbalance of what is what I’m trying to answer. Honestly at this point any advice would be appreciated, kinda sad when I look over at my tank.
  8. I have this brown hair like algae growing on my driftwood and some of the plants. How can I get rid of it? Thank you!
  9. My tank has been up for almost a couple weeks now so I plan on buying plants soon but unsure if I should add the tabs in now or with the plants? I also bought Easy Green which I already put in.
  10. I’ve heard a range of differing opinions on dirted tanks. Some say they’re plant crack, and some say basic rot tabs do the exact same thing with the same results. What are your guys’ thoughts on them? Have you had success? Failure? Longevity? Brands? And would it be good for a beginner who just wants to provide the best for their plants?
  11. Bought easy green because all my tanks are balanced and doing wonderful but lately I’ve noticed my nitrates dropping to 5-10 on a regular basis I do not want my plants to start having issues most of them are high stem consumers Hornwort water wisteria anacharis elodea densa water sprite some java and Anubis just for looks. I dosed all except one tank. My show tank has ecocomplete and high waste producer population 2 lemon blue eye pleco 4 large adult male mystery snails shrimp galore bladder snails CPDs and one spastic boy guppy who insists he is a 12 inch fish and must be in the big tank. I fought DAILY NITRATE spikes for so long in that tank but plants are amazing. Now it stays at 15 which is what my tap water is. Plants all do amazing. I’m Leary about adding it to that tank for fear of nitrate spike and well why fix what’s not broken. Thoughts opinions?
  12. Hey all! I was at my local fish store and found these beauties in the image below. The store has them labeled as glass fish, and while I know the internet is a plethora of information, I was wondering if anyone has actual experience keeping them. What kinds of things do they need? Are they pretty good for a beginner to only slightly experienced fish keeper?
  13. I saw this question posted someplace else and I thought the conversation it provided was awesome! I’ve learned that Molly’s are pigs and bully a lot of other fish around and many people don’t care for them. 🤷🏻‍♀️ The things you learn…😉 What is/was your least favorite fish in your community tank and why?
  14. So my 55s filter is on the brink of death and I want to put sponge filters in and I want to use coops but larges are out of stock and I was wondering if 4 mediums would do since it’s the same volume as 2 larges and I can’t really wait for them to come into stock since the filter is about to die
  15. Okay y'all my tap water is pH 7 gh 300+ kh 40 A 0 ni 0 na 0, I'm raising guppies, Pilates and Molly's along with mystery snails. I've been wanting to raise my KH and crushed coral isn't available and I'm not comfortable using like alkaline buffers so I put some aragonite in a filter media bag and put it in some filters, it's raised one tank, my 55g to pH 7.8 -8 gh 300+ kh 120ish which is running a standard canister filter with 1 bag inside instead of carbon pellets, will the aragonite eventually stop or is it just going to keep on raising the pH on up and up
  16. So Newb question for y'all. Is plant fertilizer (like Aquarium Co-op's All-in-One) "food" for aquatic plants? Do I need to provide animal waste so my plants do not die while the tank is cycling?
  17. I have these plants I’ve picked up from a hobbyist who didn’t know much about them. what are they? I see that they have rhizomes; will the rhizome be okay beneath some crushed gravel? I just planted this today and realized what I’d done!!!
  18. I've tested my water out of my tap and it only measures between 0 to 25ppm I usually use wonder shells and equilibrium to harden the water. I have recently "restarted" my 75g aquarium after a couple years of it sitting empty I power washed and cleaned it and filled it with water from my tap and treated with fritz complete. The only things in the tank when I measured it was 2 medium sponge filters and 2 aqueon heaters otherwise it was an empty tank and it measured over 300 ppm. Very confused as to what could cause this I have 2 10g tanks and a 29g and none of them have this issue any ideas what this could be?
  19. Hi I have a question I have a 40 breeder with a pair of discus not full grown, 1 L139 gold nugget pleco, and 3 panda garas. First off currently is it overstocked, and secondly when everything is full grown will it be overstocked. If Corey and Dean could respond that would be great but I will take any info from anyone. I'm limited with tank size due to college.
  20. Me and my wife were talking about past fish tanks and how many goods we have had along the way and she asked me probably one of the best questions ever.. "If you could tell your younger self one thing fish related what would it be?" My answer take it slow. New fish and tanks are exciting but giving your full attention to a special tank or fish is 100x more rewarding. So I ask you the same question what's one piece of advice you would tell your younger self?
  21. Hey everyone, I feel like it would be a pain to manage many different posts of questions I had, so I figured that I would just ask them all on the same thread. Has anybody had any experience with Thick-Lipped Gouramis (Colisa labiosa/Trichogaster labiosa)? If so, are they peaceful? What are good tankmates for them? The reason for this is because I found one amongst some honey gouramis at my LFS, and I was considering getting one. I've also seen them in some of Cory's videos, specifically the store tours. How easy are Rosy Barbs to breed? Can they be bred/kept outside during the summer in tubs? Can white cloud mountain minnows and endlers be kept together where they both breed? Do they prey on each other's fry? How about platies? Schooling fish recommendations for a 29 gallon aquariums with endlers and cories? I am looking for something that 1) doesn't get too big, and can live happily in a 29 gallon tank, 2) won't prey too much on the endler babies, and 3) that doesn't fin nip or is food aggressive. Bonus if they are easy to breed and easy to raise their fry. I was at first considering cardinal tetras, but now I am overwhelmed with many other great looking fish my LFS carries. I need to narrow down from this list: cardinal tetra, cherry barb, rosy tetra, lemon tetra, Cochu's blue tetra, black neon tetra, black skirt tetra, glowlight danio, dwarf neon rainbow, white cloud mountain minnow, diamond tetra, emperor tetra, phoenix rasbora, penguin tetra. How much do plants affect filtration/stocking? Like the number of plants in relation to the amount of fish and size of tank. Plant recommendations. I need them to be tall, really easy to keep, low-medium light (I have a Nicrew 30 inch light on my 29, not sure if it is low light or high light), and preferably not a stem plant. I already have water sprite, vallisneria, crypt wendtii, Java fern, dwarf lily, amazon sword, and dwarf hairgrass in the tank, but I want something different. If not, then I'll just do more water sprite. I'd appreciate the advice and answers. Thanks guys.
  22. I think it would be fun if the forum did a question of the day like this some ideas who does breeding for profit who keeps co2 planted tanks what's your favorite guppy strain
  23. I've got bronze corydoras and I've got them to breed 3 times now(at 2 to 3 week intervals). I was pretty excited when I saw the eggs as it was my first time EVER seeing fish eggs in my tank(i'm pretty new to the hobby, 1 year experience only). I spent the whole afternoon making diy breeder containers from tupperware since i read that the baby fry and eggs may be eaten and I only have one 10 gal. I also read that eggs will turn brownish if it was fertilized. You can imagine my disappointment when i checked on them the next day and they were all white. And this has been happening all 3 times. I see the catfish doing the "T" position but not quite the "T" position. I've seen many videos of corydoras breeding and I always see the male lying on the side while doing this, but mine are just on their belly. The female also isn't actively trying to get the sperm, she just normally breathes(sorry for bad description,I don't have any video footage). So I am wondering if thats the issue none of the eggs are fertilized. Is it because my catfish don't know how to properly breed yet? Idk. Much help appreciated:)
  24. My fridge has a cartridge filter that filters chlorine (we don't have chloramine in our city water either) and other things like heavy metals. I'm wondering if I could use that instead of adding drops to my water change water. I presume it would also soften my water but tap water here is really soft and i add salts anyway. Does anyone already use 'fridge water in their tank?
  25. I have a 10 gallon that I have a betta in. I was looking at tank mates and I've come to ember tetras and pygmy corydoras, but I have one concern. I have crushed coral topped with river stones and I'm wondering if, while they're digging through the substrate, the crushed coral could hurt their barbels. It's just a shallow layer of each so the crushed coral does show through a little bit around the river stones. If this is the case, I'll just go with malaysian trumpet snails or maybe kuhli loaches if they wouldn't have the same problem, but I'd really prefer the corydoras if ya'll don't think it'll be a problem. I'm also wondering if there may be problems with this plan that ya'll can see that I, as a new hobbyist, might not have thought about. I do have a backup plan if the ember tetras and corydoras don't work in the tank, btw, so I'm not too concerned about that.
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