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About Me

  1. Let's start with the swim bladder most case of swim bladder are cause by over feeding and the stomach putting pressure on the swim bladder constipation or bacterial infection of the swim bladder and injury to the swim bladder Frist I would recommend fasting your fish for a couple of days and doing epsom salt baths 1 table spoon for 2 gallons for no more than 15 minutes 2-3 times a day as eposm salt acts as a muscle relaxants to help with constipation if that has no effect then I would treat with antibiotic medication in food Kanaplex is my go to antibiotic treatment you could also use maracyn2 and furan2 are not very effective at a higher pH above 7.8 if your in the UK I would treat with Sera baktopur direct tables if it's a damage swim bladder caused by an injury it case of wait and see some will improve given time other will not improve and may have to be euthanize if you think there suffering clove oil is one of the most humane ways to euthanize your fish
  2. So, I recently lost Hiu, my blue/green alien betta. He started losing his appetite (his name literally means "hungry" in Thai, so big clue) and then noticed he was pineconing - it seemed to come on all of a sudden and I'm not sure why...all water parameters are spot on and the tank has been running for months. Now that he has passed, I'm not sure what I should do about his tank...it is moderately to heavily planted and now just has the three nerites in the tank...I have done two ~80% water changes, but I'm not sure if it would be safe to convert this tank to a shrimp tank, or if I should move my nerites and just scrap the whole thing and start over any advice would be greatly appreciated - I am gutted after losing Hiu and don't want to risk any other inhabitants
  3. So this guppy has been progressively getting more bloated on one side for the past few days, I bought maracyn 2 just in case it's dropsy and I got it in today. I know once they get this bad, there's little chance of curing them, but the thought process is curing the others before they start to show? I'm just not sure if this is dropsy just because it's so lopsided. I've been researching and this could also maybe be fish tuberculosis but ultimately I'm not sure. I doubt at this point it's a constipation issue, only the fry in the tank have been fed for the past few days. Any help is appreciated. Here's a short video of the fish, she's pineconing on the bloated side and very slightly pineconing on the not bloated side. No control of her swim bladder at this point and lethargic. https://youtu.be/3snLAq8rwEY As far as water perimeters go, they're pretty much the same as the last time I posted about disease in this tank pH: 7.2 - 7.4 Nitrates: 5ppm Hardness: 71.6 (4 drops on GH API test) Nitrite: 0ppm Ammonia: 0ppm KH/Buffer: 53.7 (3 drops on KH API test) Water Temperature: 79-80F
  4. So we’re gonna start with a bit of a backstory to get the full scope. I have a 10 gallon tank (which had a divider) and my 2 bettas passed away within 2 weeks of each other, one from old age(I had him for 2 years) and the other from a tumor(he was with me 20 months). The water perimeters stayed stable and I took out all the silk plants, but kept the gravel, rocks, moss balls, and wood. I deep cleaned, suctioning the gravel, and did 3 water changes (80%, 50%, and 70%) and added new plants over the next 2 weeks to prepare for my new fish. Harry (an opal) and Adam (a delta) seemed to be doing well in their new tank, but Harry only lasted 8 weeks, the last 2 of which he was dealing with swim bladder issues. After 1 or 2 deep cleans of Harry’s side, and a month of water changes, I took out the divider and let Adam have run of the tank. He was never happier! It has now been 4 months that I’ve had Adam, and as of Wednesday, I thought he was a little constipated, but daphnia, peas, and fasting didn’t help, then last night he was more bloated and started pineconing, though he was still alert and attentive. (Picture from last night) He looked worse this morning and was slow to respond, though he did eat with some difficulty, but now it’s evening and he hasn’t eaten dinner, seems sluggish (though he can still zoom if the net gets close to him) and I don’t think it will be much longer before he passes. If I diagnosed correctly, he has dropsy. I know the success of treatment is really low, and though I love him and don’t want to lose him, I feel that trying to treat him would do more harm than good. My water has always been at a safe level and I’ve always been really careful when cleaning and everything. I don’t know what could have caused this string of deaths…. Am I doing something wrong, or could it just be that I’ve gotten bettas with hidden health issues? It’s just been hard, soon to be 4 deaths in 6 months. Especially as my fish are my emotional support. Also, when the time does come, what do I do to clean the tank to make sure it is safe for a new betta? I will definitely be replacing all the silk plants, and doing a standard deep cleaning, but is something more needed? (This is the first case of dropsy I’ve had) And what about the gravel, rocks, moss balls, and driftwood? Or the filters? Can they all stay or do they need to be replaced as well? Thank you so much for your help!
  5. Pretty sure my betta has dropsy. He stopped eating 2 days ago, and acting more lethargic, not wanting to swim or move, and hanging at the top. Now today I see he is starting to pinecone. I am going to quarantine. I have read salt helps ... I have aquarium salt, but I just saw a video that said not to use aquarium salt, and to use epsom salt instead. Is this true? If so, how much per gallon? Also I am going to get some meds to treat. Any suggestions on the best kind? I realize the chances or low, but I feel like I have to try! I also realize I may need to euthanize ... I don't want him to suffer if I can't help him. FYI, he is kept in a heated 5gal tank with sponge filter. Water tested at 0 for ammonia, nitrates, and nitrites.
  6. Is this dropsy? Seemed to happen very quickly, just yesterday he was showing off and going after the females like his life depended on it. Already had a qt tank going for some new fish that has med trio going so I put him in there.
  7. What are the chances she'll recover? Put her in hospital tank 2 days ago with aquarium salt. Today she looked worse. Dosed with Imagitarium bacterial remedy. Label doesn't say what it's good for specifically. Gh 60 kh 40 ph 7 no2 0.5 no3 20
  8. Hello, I just spotted my female honey gourami as seen in the picture. The belly seems to be torn open, but after this photo where she was laying in the moss, she swam relatively normal again. From the very beginning, she was always thicker than my male honey gourami. At very first, I thought she had eggs. But I think the true reason for her huge belly is that she just always eats too much. I have lots of different fish in the 350L tank along with the honey gouramis (angelfish, corys, otos, amano shrimp, rummy nose tetras), so I need to feed a lot, and she always eats from the top when feeding the tetras and angelfish but then also eats a lot from the bottom food for the catfish. So the question now is, did she just eat so much that her stomach ripped open, or might she had a disease for month now? Additional info: Water parameters: ph 7.2-7.5 / gH 12-13 / kH 11 / NO2 0, NO3 maybe around 10 mg/l before a water change / temperature right now a little hotter because of summer, usually 26-27°C (around 79 F), now more 28°C (82 F). Big water change was just a few days ago. I had one of my angelfish die of dropsy a few days ago. But he was a kind of rescue fish from the beginning, he only had 1 eye and other deformations, probably from the breeding process (its a blue angelfish). All other angels and all other fish are fine, and most importantly: The female honey gourami was this thick long before the angelfish got sick, so I cannot imagine this also being dropsy, since she still acted mostly normal ("dancing" with the male honey gourami and eating as I said - the angelfish stopped eating a few days before dying). What should I do now? Anesthetize her and kill her to end potential pain? Keep her in a fry holding net thing inside the tank and not feed her for a while and hope she recovers? Or take her out into another tank? I have an empty 10 gallon which is currently getting cycled, but I fear the stress of moving her could also kill her... I really really don't want her to die, but this looks pretty bad 😢 Best, Max Edit: added another photo from just now, she's swimming at the top and taking in air from the surface frequently (she also recently lost half of one of her feelers sadly)
  9. As a result of upgrading my betta to a bigger tank, he's now fallen ill with multiple problems. On day 4 in the new tank doing a fish-in cycle, ammonia started going up to .25 ppm. I used AmmoLock to detoxify. There were no nitrites and no nitrates yet. The next day the betta was hiding between plants and rocks and not coming out. I put him back in his old 3 gal which I kept running as a back up. He's the only occupant in the tank. I did normal acclimation process to get him back in his old tank. The following day he had a big belly and was pineconing. I started treatment immediately with KanaPlex, aquarium salt (1 tbsp total) and a little Melafix (tho a 3 gal tank, there's only 2 gal of water since I lowered the water level for easier surfacing). I also added some catappa leaves (boiled) for cover since the old tank is mostly bare as the plants went in the new tank. Today, on top of dropsy, he's now got a single white ick-like speck on his head, and a larger white fuzz patch behind his pectoral fin and another small white-ish fuzz on the tip of his tail that looks like the beginning of tail rot (maybe from being on the bottom for so long?). On a positive note, he ate a single Bug Bite that floated down to him today. He hadn't eaten since June 23. As far as the Kanaplex goes, He's on his second dose today as I'm adding every other day per instructions. My question is should I keep going with the Kanaplex and salt and wait? I wasn't expecting to see fungus on top of the dropsy. I don't want to stress him out any further but he's a mess. He also had a small/short stringy poop(?) but it's gone now. Hoping that was some fluid being released?? He's been very healthy and active prior to this. I've had him about a year and he came from a big box store. Can he handle more meds? More salt (maybe a salt bath)? Should I perform a gravel vac since that's where he's hanging out? With the meds in, I'm hesitant to remove any water, though I could use a turkey baster to get the food he didn't eat earlier. Water parameters are good (always have 0 nitrate and I haven't figured out why yet considering his hospital tank is an established 1 year old tank). Water Parameters today: Ammonia: 0 Nitrite: 0 Nitrate: 0 PH: 7.6 Temp: 78 Other meds I have on hand: MetroPlex, BettaFix, IchX, Betta Revive, Prime (not a med, but probably should have used instead of the AmmoLock). I know his chances are slim. Anyone have success treating dropsy?
  10. ejgdi


    One of my Black Mollies gave birth over night. Yesterday she was huge and I noticed a whitish blotch on her left side. This morning she was much thinner and I've found 27 fry so far. Her side is still white and from above I can see her scales are slightly lifted in that area. She's still active, and has an appetite. The male has been on her a lot the last week. Attached is a photo from last night before she gave birth with a decent view of the concerning spot and another from today. Her gills are white, but so are the other female's and I think they have been since I got them. The spot doesn't seem any larger today. I understand that raised scales is often a sign of dropsy, but I'm not clear on what it means when it's an isolated spot. The tank is a 40B with a built in AIO sump. Total water volume is probably about 30 gallons. Params are pH: 7.8 GH: 14 KH: 6 Nitrate: 8 Ammonia: 0 Nitrite: 0 Water Temperature: 78 Thr nitrogen params and pH are pretty stable. Hardness isn't perfectly stable yet but doesn't swing dramatically. Temperature is controlled by an adjustment heater plugged into a temp controller, so is also very stable. Population is 2 female BM, 1 male BM, 4 juvenile female platies and 2 male platies. There are ramshorn snails and it's medium heavily planted. Tank is a few months old. I'm hoping you'll say the spot is an injury or a symptom of having been so pregnant, but I'm afraid you'll say it's dropsy and already too late. I appreciate any advice you may have. Pregnant last night: No longer pregnant today: Edit: updated number of fry from 23 to 27.
  11. The blue betta, i noticed today had a really swollen eye, almost like a bubble. and yesterday my pink betta had a huge lump on it. Could this possibly be to changing different types of food? I usually feed blood worms, and sometimes brine shrimp, rarely omega super color flakes, but i have been out of blood worms, and have been feeding them planktin and fish flakes, and brine shrimp. also, there is baby mollies in this tank aswell in a fry net in the corner. thanks Also, i used to have carbon and a black sponge in the back of my hang on the back filter, now i removed the carbon last week and shoved some bio media in there, could this have anything to do with it?
  12. Things seem to be going from bad to worse. I could use some help from the FNEs (fish nerd experts 🙂 ) I have 4 male bettas, separate tanks. Since December, I have been spending 2 weeks with my 95 yo mother in Michigan to help her through a rough patch, and then 1 week back home here in Minnesota to catch up on all my stuff and junk. My husband feeds the fish sparingly every other day while I'm away to keep the bioload down. When I get home, I do my tank maintenance and then do once more before I leave. Still, all 4 bettas started experiencing differing levels of fin rot in late February/early March. Because it wasn't severe, I started adding catappa leaves and doing more frequent, smaller water changes while home. Two started to improve with tails growing back, 1 - Ghengis - held status quo, and 1 - Leo - got worse. I'm going to focus on Leo. I think he got worse in part because I added an Aquaclear 10 to the back of his 14g aqueon cube because the substrate was filthy, his nitrates were high. I had recently switched from one sponge filter to another and it didn't appear to be doing the job. So I added the hob to clean things up. Even though I baffled the hob, I think the flow may have caused undue stress and soon he was hiding inside his decoration and his fins looked much worse. So, I did a 50% water change and started him on Furan-2 April 5. April 6 I noticed his abdomen looked a bit pudgy in front. There was no evidence of pineconing but my spidey sense went off. I mixed 2 teaspoons of epsom salts in 1 gallon of water, and soaked him for 15 minutes. Then added 2nd dose of Furan-2. Today, April 7, I did another ES bath. This time, there is pineconing. My questions are: Am I too late? Should I increase the ES concentration for his bath? In some blogs I've ready you should do 1 tablespoon per gallon for 10 minutes. Others say to bathe them 2x per day. So many conflicting theories. Makes me crazy. Is Furan-2 the right thing to use right now? Or a combo of F2 with something else? I also have Kanaplex, MetroPlex, General Cure, and PraziPro. I can pick things up locally if there's something I should get. My water parameters are: pH: 8.3 (note it comes out of the tap at 7.4 and slowly rises; I use a mix of 70% well water, 30% softened water; not ideal but that's my reality) Nitrates: 20, but can sometimes increase to 30-40 Hardness (GH): 9 drops of API or 161.1 on the conversion chart Nitrite: 0 Ammonia: 0 KH/Buffer: 15 or greater than 214.8 on the conversion chart Water Temperature: 77
  13. Dr.rex

    Dropsy I think

    She had a white somewhat fluffy spot on her head and I treated it with maracyn first then on day 2 adding the other two of the trio and it went away but this is 4 days after treating with medicine and all her scales are like puffed out, badly tattered fins and that white fluffy spot went away and turned into like a red patch, real veiny and red all-over but like 10 minutes after these photos she laid on her side and passed, I would just like to know what could have done this, cuz she got sick in a community tank and I put her in the hospital tank to treat and welp 1 less sadly 10gl ,ph 7.2, ammonia 0, nitrite 0, nitrate 50ish, GH 300+, kh 40-0 (working on it) light 100w led soft white, 18/6 cycle, Caribbean sea aragonite in a filter bag, 2 old whisper filters and the med trio running, picture of the 20gl long community tank she originated in added
  14. My female Agassizii got super fat in the course of 2-3 days. I honestly don't know if she's full of eggs or sick. Can anyone help? If you think she's pregnant I can move this topic to the breeding section. Thanks! Temp. 79⁰F NO3 0 NO2 0 pH 6.5 KH 4 GH 6
  15. Male fancy guppy has become bloated in past few weeks. All other community fish are healthy w stable water perimeters, regular cleaning, no recent changes/stressors, and not over fed. Dropsy? Constipated(tried peas a few times in past few weeks)? In meantime I moved him to quarantine tank.
  16. Hey Nerms, Aquarium Parameter information Ammonia: 0 Nitrite: 0 Nitrate: Between 20 and 40 ppm Temperature: 80 Tank size: 5 Gallons Water changes: 50% once per week Relatively heavily planted, dosing Easy Green, K, and Trace twice per week So here's the situation: For a reason I didn't know at the time, all of a sudden fin rot appeared on my betta’s tail, pinholes that quickly resulted in tears. So I did the Coop-recommended treatment of Ich-X and Maracyn for 7 days. In the middle of this treatment, I did a casual strip test for Nitrates which also tests Nitrites, and was shocked to see Nitrite!! I got my liquid tests out and confirmed there was 0 Ammonia but 2ppm of Nitrite. Now I am realizing that the fin rot probably set in because the poor guy was living in Ammonia and Nitrite-ridden water without any Prime to detoxify the Ammonia while the cycle re-established (ugh!). So since that treatment was still going on, I dosed 4X Prime to detoxify the Nitrite, daily, so any further infection coming from the Nitrite exposure wouldn't happen, and so that the treatment could run for the 7 days. The tank is now completely re-cycled (cycle crashed because the filter pump broke and I didn’t realize it for a few days), however I still do daily tests to make sure. Now shortly after realizing the Nitrite was there, I also noticed another, more troubling thing going on. On my betta's left side, there appears to be a lump. It is right behind the stomach, and only on that left side. there is no open wound at all; it seems that something is swollen on the inside and pushing out. I am just at a loss for what this is, and I figure it can't be anything good. Looking at some betta anatomy photos, it appears to be right over the kidney which has me wondering whether this is perhaps a very early sign of dropsy, perhaps even a tumor? After the 7 days were over and a 60% water change, the fin rot hadn't progressed, but also hadn't gotten much better. So I decided to do a full round of Maracyn for the 5-day treatment (according to the instructions on the box) to really kick the fin rot in the butt. So far I am seeing most of the fin rot go away, and healing is already happening. But at this point my main concern is this lump. I have scoured the rest of the internet and can't find anything similar enough, so I figured it was time to get some Nerm input! The lump hasn't gotten any bigger or smaller since I noticed it. I also want to emphasize that my betta's behavior and eating habits have not changed at all throughout all this recent turmoil. Still very active and very eager for his food in the evening. i wanted to provide this background of what has happened recently with the poor water quality and fin rot in case this has something to do with this lump appearing. What is this lump??? Please see these images below, the last one I posted is of him before any damage and fin rot to his beautiful tail, so you can see just how much that fin rot very quickly deteriorated his tail. LESSON LEARNED with that pump! I tried to get some good top view photos as well. Please let me know if additional photos are needed! Thanks for your help Nerms!
  17. I've noticed all my platies have been exhibiting mating behavior and some of them have gotten fat. So I'm not sure if they are pregnant or have dropsy. As far as I can see they don't have scales protruding from the sides. My temp is 78 my ammonia and nitrites are 0 and nitrates is 5 heavily planted
  18. So, I have a 29 gallon freshwater tank, that has 3 guppies, 2 baby mollies, 1 black skirt tetra, 1 glowlight tetra, 2 serpae tetras, 1 female betta, 2 khuli loaches, 1 hillstream loach, 3 snails. I also have 2 bettas and a nursery tank full of baby guppies. I am worried about all of them. One of my guppies had dropsy that got really bad, she started to gasp for air and I decided it would be best to euthanize her. Now another one of my guppies has dropsy, she has it pretty bad and has white stringy poop, and after doing research that means she has a parasite. Uggh. I just don't want ALL of my fish to die. Now that same guppy has her dorsal fin ripped off, must have been my male guppy. The other female guppy is full of babies, and doesn't show any signs that I can see, but is now stressed out from the male guppy. The male has a little bit bigger belly, but that is it. My female betta is partially blind, so she is always stressed as well which makes her vulnerable. I am also worried about cross-contamination because I use the same gravel vac and bucket and don't disinfect before using. I bought Maracyn Two, but now I am questioning if that will work. I am about to pick up a test kit since I ran out. I do a 15% water change weekly. I feed them every morning and I try to in the evening. I feed them Omega-One Freshwater Flakes. I did a bunch of research and they all said it was the best. Please help me I am desperate.😰
  19. Hi All - I'm concerned about my fish. I'm pretty new in the hobby and am not sure what healthy fish are supposed to look like when they mature. Many of my fish seem to look blotted to me, especially my female swordtails and my gourami. I took my swordtails out for two weeks to medicate them in a QT, but there was very little difference in appearance afterwards. The only symptom is that they look pregnant, but they have looked that way for months. They are not lethargic, nor show pine cone scales, and their feces seem normal color and normal size. They have normal appetite as well. One person I spoke to about this felt that they probably have dead babies inside and will eventually die as a result. The problem is that I bought a Opaline Gourami about two months ago and she now seems possibly bloated as well, albeit, less than the others. My next thought then was that maybe I'm overfeeding them and they are suffering from blotted stomachs. However, part of my treatment of the swordtails had that in mind and I starved them 3 days and then feed them peas for a while. Furthermore, all three fish seem to poop normally. Regardless, I cut back on feeding them to only twice a day instead of three times. The question I have is whether there is a real problem or are they perfectly normal and I'm making something out of nothing? Here are some pics. Sorry if they are not clear enough. P.S. - I also don't know if my danios look normal.
  20. Hey all, I had a platy come down with dropsy, and is currently being treated in a separate hospital tank. I would've put this in the Disease forum, but I am looking for more general help related to the environment of the main tank. 1) Is there anything specific I should look for in the main tank (a 75 gallon livebearer tank), which would be an indication of why dropsy developed on this fish? Preventative medicine is the best medicine, and I obviously want to avoid any other fish getting it, keeping in mind it is a symptom of bigger issue. Everyone is eating well, including the platy w/dropsy. They are fed a variety of flakes, pellets, and frozen foods. My water parameters are: Ammonia - 0, Nitrite - 0, Nitrates (15-25ppm on a given week), GH - 250ppm, KH - 80-100ppm, PH 7.6-7.8, temp is 78.5 approx. 2) If anyone has any pointers on treatment of the Platy, I would appreciate that. I am currently using Furan 2 and Kanaplex, along w/Epsom salt in the hospital tank. I am only feeding him a pea and frozen Daphnia. I have not noticed any improvement and today is day 6. Thanks to all in advance...greatly appreciated!
  21. Hello fellow fish nerds. I have a question which I am hoping will lead to a discussion that other people might find useful. I am a bit of a livebearer nerd and I have a tank of guppies, platys, and a swordtail F and molly M. I also have a team of corys and kuhli loaches. They are all housed in a very well planted 55g with a relatively deep substrate bed, lots of hiding spaces (hard + soft scape), and many, many airstones. All has been well since the move, though I have noticed it may have made my traditionally relatively peaceful Kribensis female somewhat more aggressive. I have noticed since a few nipped fins on my guppies, though everyone else seems fast enough to dodge her. One guppy in particular got a bad nip last week, and I am noticing what looks like some early stage dropsy, given that his scales on his belly look to be starting to pinecone. His belly doesn't seem too swollen yet, though on balance I would say its a bit fuller than the others. I have a quarantine / hospital tank set up. I am wondering whether people think that I should (a) remove the likely-dropsy hit guppy and try to treat him or (b) relocate my Krib to this tank for a period of time to prevent remove the stress from the main tank, and prevent any other of my guppies from falling ill. I should mention that I really don't want to have to re-home my Krib unless absolutely necessary because I adore her and I've had her for almost four years now, so I'm trying to find a solution that allows me to keep her and to keep my guppies safe. Also, another tank probably isn't an option unless I want my significant other to kick me out! :) Any and all advice welcome! Hopefully this can also help others who may be experiencing other issues with semi-aggressive fish and / or dropsy. Thanks everyone!
  22. I’ve had a koi female betta in a 5 gallon bare bottom quarantine tank since the end of November with the 1 male guppy. At the beginning of January she started pineconing on one side and her swimming was off. Eventually she displayed dropsy behavior as well and just sat at the top of the tank. I thought she was a goner but decided to attempt saving her. I added 1/2 tsp of epsom salt to the tank and another 1/2 tsp two days later. Today I checked on her and her pineconing is completely gone but she has a large hole in her side. I have one large piece of lava rock in the tank and she spends most of her time underneath that now instead of at the top as she was when pine coned. She will come out to swim occasionally and I have gotten her to eat live black worms. I have no idea if she will actually recover but the hole in her side really freaked me out. ph-8, temp 85F (usually kept at 80 but raised after betta became sick), nitrates 20
  23. This poor fellow was hiding in my decor and I found him today. I have him quarantined with salt. Can anyone identify this illness? It looks like a fungus to me. My tank has been set up more than a year and is 78 degrees. Other fish are healthy. I would love any fish disease book recommendations to add to the library.
  24. Hello all, does anyone have any dropsy stories they wish to share? Particularly any information on finding out what caused the dropsy in their aquarium or If they have found a treatment that works. I've had 2 bettas in my sorority get dropsy within a month of each other. I’m starting to think it might be stress induced and I am going to disband the sorority soon. Has anyone had a similar situation happen? Thanks for any information
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