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  1. Too awesome to not share with the fishfam. Disclaimer: I did a little photo shop edit and cut to "protect the innocent" / make it match my screen name for posting. I earned my first BAP certificate the Colorado Aquarium Society Breeders Award for achieving 50 points in the breeders award program. The two species that got me to the 50 point level were my F1 batch of Crenicichlia regani "Rio Tapajos" And my recent batches of F1 Pao cf palustris alomg with the written report that was essentially posted here in the forum I am slowly working my way master breeder award. Thanks @Cory, I did not realise I could participate in BAP until I found Aquarium COOP way back when. My long term goal is to make Master Breeder like @Dean’s Fishroom or at a minimum have fun with the species I have now and the next species I try keeping happy and breeding in the future.
  2. For the breeder NERMs among us . . . BAP Spawning Report: Xenotoca doadrioi (Redtail Goodeids) Recently, a fellow PVAS Club member began inviting those of us who were regular breeders to followup with him about the possibility of moving along stock to the pet store he worked at in VA. We reached out, and brought a few fish along on trips to the area. We also expressed an interest in some of his Goodeids. Xenotoca doadrioi have always been a fascinating, colorful species. He was happy to move along a starter breeding group of these from his collection. Being a C.A.R.E.S. species added interst to us. The information he shared about their origin is this: His line were part of a group of Goodeids imported by the North American Goodeid Working Group for the 2014 American Livebearer Association Convention. He obtained his original stock at the convention in 2014. Their geographical source is near the town of Etzatlan, Mexico in the Ameca / Magdelana basin. The town is just west of Guadalajara, but not quite as far west as the better known collecting site San Marcos. https://goo.gl/maps/7vYTgUFhr2vfjP5A7 We got 8x Xentoca Doadrioi on December 12, 2020. They were of varying ages / sizes. Two males were brightly colored up, and at least two of the females were of matching size. They went into a 20 gal. long with black diamond blasting sand substrate, some shells from NC coast we’ve used for a few years now in aquariums, several cups of crushed coral in a mesh bio bag hidden inside a shell, and an odd assortment of plants, cuttings, and java moss. Two sponge filters run in the back corners. Lighting is just a cheap shop LED (5,000 K) that throws a reasonably balanced white light - usually muted by use of a cupboard liner to diffuse and limit lighting. Additional air comes by way of several air stones hanging in the back center. Throughout the six months since first recieving them, I have continued to add plant cuttings. I keep these Goodeids at room temperature with no heater in our basement fishrom, which dips down barely below 70-degrees Farenheit in the winter, and lifts just above the same mark during the summer. I water change the tank each week, and always add a broad spectrum liquid plant fertilizer (e.g. Aquarium Co-Op Easy Green). The Amazon Sword gets root tabs in the substrate now and then. These Goodeids do well on a veggie diet. We ground their diet on Omega One Kelp Flakes, Bug Bites Spirulina Flakes, crushed Omega One Veggie Pellets, and broken up Algae Wafers. There is always duckweed in the tank as well, so if they want that, it's a free snack. Once fry appear, baby brine shrimp is added as well. Every other day, one of their feedings includes some added protein as well. They will try to eat just about anything. The first spawn was discovered on January 7, 2021. Unfortunately, it was a light dropping, falling short of BAP by just a few fry. Still, it was so curious to observe their trophotaenia — umbilical cord-like appendiges that remian visible on fry for a few days after they are born. Goodeids are livebearers, though not nearly as prolific as the better known livebearers — Guppies, Platys, Mollys, or Swordtails. Xenotoca doadrioi drop fry every few months, with reports of seasonal changes sometimes yielding higher fry production. It was not until April 27, 2021 that we returned from vacation to find that the Goodeids had dropped fry while we were away at the beach. This time, more than 10x new fry were counted. As long as things remain steady, with minor water changes, Goodeids are a very easy fish to keep. We have not observed them predating on their fry. They tend to be born larger than baby guppies or platys. Another fry drop was made (likely a different female) - evidenced by smaller fry with trophotaenia for a few days - but I did not try to make a firm count. At the present moment, a proper colony is developed with multiple breeding adults and many young. It is about time to split the colony out, and allow a new one to develop in another tank. Eventually, we hope another aquarist interested in this C.A.R.E.S. species will show up to continue the process of “making more!” Basic Water parameters were measured at the end of the BAP project: 20 gal. 68-72 degrees Farenheit 2x medium sponge filters 3-4x shells Wisteria Anacharis Amazon Sword Java moss Java fern Duckweed Water lettuce Valisneria pH - 7.8-8.0 Ammonia - 0 ppm Nitrite - 0 ppm Nitrate - 10 ppm
  3. We submit detailed spawning reports for our fish club's BAP (Breeder's Award Program). In case some NERMs would like to follow along on a little journey, here we go . . . BAP Spawning Report: Emerald Killifish (Fundulopanchax Scheeli) My first introduction to Killifish came quite recently when fellow PVAS club member began to upload interesting and instructive videos on various subjects to his YouTube channel. He uploaded an introduction to killifish commonly kept in the home aquarium, and we exchanged a few messages back and forth about them. Meanwhile, my son had been finishing up a BAP project on Brilliant Rasboras. We did not have a long term plan to keep them, and arranged to make a trip out to drop them off for our fellow club member — who was interested in keeping them. He offered me a trio of Fundulopanchax Scheeli (Emerald Killifish) from a line he had been breeding, along with a mop for spawning them. My son was wrapping up some other projects, so these became my project. For some time, I just enjoyed watching them, determining what parameters they seemed to thrive at, and figuring how to establish their environment. I kept in touch with our club friend, and he invited me to join in several monthly Zoom Meetings with MAKO - Mid Atlantic Killifish Organization - of which several other clib members were also affiliated. Being new to Killifish keeping, I gleaned as much information as possible about breeding them. Following some ideas presented from different members in MAKO, I was able to find a few eggs in the mop, and successfully hatched out my first two killis in a hang-in specimen container, suspended in the parent tank with an air stone, java moss, and a single neocaridina. The shrimp was added in with the eggs for the purpose of eating any fungused over eggs. Although the use of shrimp this way is not a commonly cited method, I’ve found it works reasonably well. The shrimp do chow down on infertile or fungus-laden eggs, while seeming to leave fertile eggs alone. Now, some killifish are soil-spawning, and require an elaborate damp peat storage process for eggs prior to hatching. These Scheeli, by contrast, are pretty easy. Once mature, they just spawn daily in the mop and eggs can be pulled out as desired. Pulling eggs is a nightly activity at this point. When spawning regularly, between 5-10 eggs are pulled each day. Eggs can be preserved either in damp papertowel, in shallow bowls of tap water (chlorine helps to fight fungus build up), or dropped directly in a cycled tank to hatch. Eggs hatch in a few weeks. The first official BAP batch of killis came from about 20 eggs dropped into a large specimen container suspended inside another aquarium to match temperature. It took several weeks for any to hatch, and several more weeks to get a good count. Eleven had successfully hatched. These continued in the specimen container for some time longer, and were eventually transitioned over to a net breeder to eliminate regular water changes. But I kept pulling eggs, and realized that eventually I needed to set up a system for hatching batches. I designed a simple rack of clear jugs uniquely cut to allow easy carrying. Each one was fixed up with a small sponge filter and airline, java moss, a few alder cones, and a single neocaridina shrimp. These were kept at room temperature (ca. 70-degrees Farenheit). Before long, I had also set up a small 2.5 gal. tank as a breeding project as well. Killis began hatching in all containers. Scheeli fry need to feed on tiny foods for the first week or so. The first food I feed is vinegar eels combined with a dash of finely powdered fry food (sera micron or new life spectrum fry starter). My process for collecting the vinegar eels is to fill an 8 oz. mug with water, and add about 1 tsp. of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate). This is to counteract the acidity of the vinegar eel culture. I draw out about 10 ml. and thoroughly mix into the water + baking soda. After this, I add the dash of fry powedered food, and mix this all together. I only feed this sparingly, as the fry as typically kept in a hatching container with ample java moss and sponge filters with come alder cones. After a week or so, they can be fed on some newly hatched baby brine shrimp. Once fry reach about one month maturity, I have a 20 gal. long aquarium set up to serve as a species-only Scheeli colony. I’ve added the BAP Eleven fry, plus several other batches as well. The smaller fry are probably still three months away from maturity at this point. For this BAP submission, here are details: Fundulopanchax Scheeli (Emerald Killifish) Date hatched / counted free-swimming was March 5, 2021 Number of fry counted was eleven. No fatalities occurred to these. The 10 gal. spawning tank contained one male with two females. It was planted liberally with wisteria, had two small sponge filters running, and there was a large conch-like shell in the center we brought back from the NC Outer-banks several years ago. A few alder cones were added and a small catappa leaf. The temperature of the spawning tank stays in the mid 70s, but the suspended specimen - container where the eggs hatched was kept at between 80-84 degrees Farenheit. Water is changed weekly from our city tap water source Care is taken to completely cover the tanks, since killis tend to be notorious jumpers Basic Water parameters were measured at the end of the BAP project: Breeding Tank ... 10 gal. 74 degrees Farenheit 2x sponge filters Spawning mop 1x large shell Wisteria Fry Colony Tank … 20 gal. long aquarium 81 degrees Farenheit 2x sponge filters Wood Coconut hut Wisteria algae Duckweed 7.8 pH 0 - Ammonia 0 - Nitrite 20-50 ppm Nitrate
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