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  1. Hi everyone, I was rescaping my tank today and had to move my betta into a plastic bag during that. During that time I think he might've hurt himself on the plastic, or the net as his left eye seems to be clouded up. I probably caught it fairly early, I dosed some bacteria in a bottle, and re-installed a filter on the tank to keep the water clean. The water has a slightly cloudy colouring to it, probably from the new substrate. He's acting fairly normal, but a bit more cautious of everything. My parameters are: Ammonia: .5 ppm (I'm hoping it'll go down, the plants and bacteria might've taken care of it by the time your reading this) Nitrite: 0 ppm Nitrate: 10 ppm pH: 7.2-7.4 gH: 300 kH: 180 The substrate is a mixture of organic potting mix and Fluval Stratum, heavily planted. Thanks!
  2. I decided to dedicate a journal to my new twenty gallon high! I’m excited to post updates as it progresses in the future! The past few days have been pretty tedious, with a lot of cumbersome lifting, back and forth spray painting, and plenty of adjustments.. with some occasional amounts of frustration and tons of determination in addition. Most of the work lately has entailed building up the rock structure. I originally had it set lower, but realized that the height needed to be increased; I used mesh bags full of rock to add to it. Unfortunately, that had offset the half of the structure I had built (the right side was almost completely bare at the time). So, I spent well over four hours trying to get it all back into place, which finally resulted in the placement I was looking for. Afterwards, I added the rest of the structure and stabilized it all into large sections with spray foam. Following that, once the spray foam had dried, I had to remove the sections to take them up to the attic to spray paint them. It was a little frustrating at times, and a mesh bag was stuck to some foam and pulled off a small section before I could remove it in time. But, it was a small error, and I moved on to spray painting them all as thoroughly as I could before calling it a night on the brunt of the work. Though, I did clean the glass to try and remove all of the gunk and dried spray foam aftermath. There are some spots I still might need to touch up on, but a vinegar and water mix seems to be taking care of most of it. Today, I was mostly spray painting everything every few hours, rotating all of the rocks every time I did so. I did leave the bottommost structure in the aquarium to try and keep the placement of the other structures more consistent, as they all have to fit in place. In order to spray paint that one, I tore up some old newspaper and used that to block the glass on the sides and bottom, then I applied the spray paint. To try and minimize the fumes, since I sleep in the living room and right next to the tank (and my betta fish, Samphan, is in a holding tank on the table tray close by), I covered the top of the aquarium with a blanket and a pillow from off of the couch. It seemed to do the trick well, but I made sure to monitor my fish just in case, as well as fan out the area by him with a magazine, since the ceiling fan doesn’t work and it was too cold and snowy to open a window. I spent a couple hours over half the day on it all, and once the spray paint was up to my liking and the touch ups were completed, I took all of the rock structures back down and added them back into the tank. I made the mistake of adding them out of order and managed to offset everything, so it was maybe two hours of adjusting them all back into how they were originally placed, though not completely the same. The friction from the adjustments chipped a little paint away, so I added the newspaper back in and touched up the spots. A paper moved without me noticing, and some spray paint got on the glass. But it shouldn’t be too difficult to remove. This is the resulting product, and I’m pretty satisfied with it. This is my first attempt at a hardscape, and I made my own sketch of how I would maybe envision the scape to be prior to doing this all. So, that is what I would go back and forth referencing at. The rocks were collected years ago from Oklahoma when I visited family and spent a few hours in the insanely hot weather collecting rocks and driving a car for the first time, although that was the only time I was ever able to drive. I remember seeing a lot of scorpions, snakes, and frogs while collecting them all. They were much bigger than this, and filled the entire space of the trunk, but my mom and I hammered them down to make some interesting, but decently sized, pieces for this tank. Here is the rough sketch of the hardscape, although the driftwood is included on it, it has yet to arrive. So, I will add it later on to the aquarium. I really enjoy sharp angles and curves, so I tried to implement some of that into my original concept. I didn’t reference any photos, so it probably isn’t accurate to nature, but this is what I had fun coming up with. I tried to pick rocks that matched this, and I’ll add some smaller ones to the bottom once I add all of the substrate (I plan on using organic potting soil and Seachem fluorite dark, capping it all in black sand). I like heavy contrast and black is a great color for it, especially when mixed with plants and a brightly colored betta, so that is the color I chose for the rocks, though they were originally a rusty orange color. The spray paint hopefully will prevent the rocks from eroding much in the tank, as it has a primer in it as well, and I applied a lot of layers (though the spray paint is aquarium safe). I think it worked out well, and I’m surprised I was able to match it pretty close to my concept sketch, though I did change some things, like bulking out the left side, and bringing the other down a little lower. It is definitely a little more sizable in person though. The next steps are to add substrate, and hopefully the driftwood, once it arrives. All of the mesh bags and spray foam will be covered, and I’ll have to add smaller rocks in some spots afterwards. Following that, I will add my plants. I do plan on purchasing more tomorrow, as I have a case of ‘Plant Collectoritis’, which I’m thinking will be some tissue cultured and sustainable Bucephalandra, Bolbitis (I’m thinking maybe Bolbitis heudelotii or maybe something smaller), Java Fern Trident Leaf, potentially something else. I have a holding tank full of plants that will also be apart of this scape, and I will try to implement the majority, as I enjoy a bit of a jungle.
  3. Fairly experienced fish keeper, but have never had a Betta. I’ve set up a 10g planted, heated, sponge filtered and almost cycled tank. I’m thinking a male, but I also want to give him some compatible tank mates. Looking for recommendations for both a Betta variety and mates. Also would appreciate insight of which to add first, the Betta or buddies. Not particularly a fan of snails, but shrimp are on the list. Any thoughts welcome. I apologize as I’m sure this topic probably gets asked routinely, but hey, new here. Look forward to meeting you.
  4. We have a Koi betta fish and is sick for some reason. The pictures of his current condition is in the attached links. He has a very swollen lip and holes in the fins. https://drive.google.com/file/d/19GWQrXi7A5ssy1wYk0-BAfduDWoz2kwG/view?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1h8dZDO7iwpheXCYqWYNdOXq8TRA137eF/view?usp=sharing What would you recommend us to do to save him? We just bought Microbe-lift Artemiss-natural expellant for bacterial diseases from Petco. We were advised to add it into our 4-gallon tank and change 75% of tank water for 3 days straight. Could someone give some advise? Thank you!
  5. I know I'm full of questions today! But, I picked up this Betta from a local breeder Saturday. She's been playing and seemed to be doing well, but last night I noticed clamped fins. My plan was always to wait until Monday morning to start meds so I could feed her and observe. Guess I waited too long. Amonia 0-.25 (barely showing a green color in master kit) Nitrites 0 Nitrates somewhere between 20 pH 8.2 I am feeling like it's the harder water and pH causing the issue, which there is nothing I can do about with immediacy. The water in my area is much harder than the breeder's, but I didn't realize this until after already bringing her home that this could be an issue. I'm heart broken 😢 Poor thing. Started med trio first thing this morning. Have you ever had a fish that's recovered from clamped fins before? She has no other signs of distress.
  6. This morning as I was getting ready to feed my betta and minnows I noticed my betta wasn't the first one at the surface waiting for food. Ended up finding her just behind the aquarium on the table, gentle scooped her up and was able to get her into the water rather quickly. She couldn't have been out for long considering I saw her just before I took the lid off the tank. By the time I turned around with the food I noticed her, so maybe a minute at max? She still felt wet when I picked her up so that's luckily at the very least. She immediately sank to the bottom after the fact hiding in a corner of the tank. She was breathing deeply and swimming in an odd way when she did move. A minute or two later she was able to dart to the surface for air and after that started swimming more or less like normal even coming to the surface to eat and acting normal. Really my big thing here is just wanting some advice. What should I be looking out for or doing as a precaution? She looked fine minus some small tears in her fins and what appeared to be lost scales left where she landed. She already has what I think may or may not be fin rot(I have medication on the way from the co-op) so I will have that at my disposal. I am really just looking for some sort of advice, i know she wasn't out for long but I'm just trying to be careful. What should I be looking out for and what precautions should I take? Any advice id appreciated, I have additional info on my tank below. Tank size: 10 gallon (top fin starter set) pH: 7.8~ ammonia: 0ppm nitrite: 10ppm nitrate: 25-30 ppm kH: N/A gH: N/A tank temp: 76-78 degrees F Fish Symptoms (include full description including lesion, color, location, fish behavior): White coloring on the tip of her "main" fin (it was torn on a decoration, now removed), smaller holes that are new from the fall and probably a few lost scales Volume and Frequency of water changes: Once every week and a half to 2 weeks Chemical Additives or Media in your tank: Seachem stability when adding new fish and tetra or prime for conditioner. Media consists of the 10 gallon HOB filter, the cartridge it came with and the blue bacteria grid. Plus a sponge filter on the other end of the tank for aeration and extra filtration. Plus I have some java ferns that have been in the for awhile. Tank inhabitants: betta (splendens) female. 5 white cloud minnows (3 male, 2 female), two java ferns, a dwarf aquarium Lilly, a water sprite and some moss balls. Recent additions to your tank (living or decoration): minnows we gotten 2 weeks ago along with the sprite. Lilly was added just before new years(sprouting fine so far) Exposure to chemicals: I use easy green and plan to add root tabs soon for the Lilly. Sorry if this is long, just wanted to offer as much info as I can.
  7. I have a 29 gallon planted tank that has a betta in it. I recently bought a dozen neon tetras and ever since i got them, my betta has been chasing them around and they usually hang around in opposite ends of the tank. Is this normal? Pkz help
  8. Im thinking about a dozen neons but plz lmk about other options. And yes its a non co2 low light planted tank
  9. I have a Betta is in a 25g planted cube. I noticed this week that he has a growth or protrusion on the back left side of his body. He also has a partially white lip, but I can't tell if that's extraneous or just his coloration. I did quarantine everything that came into this tank with the med trio for a week. He seems to be swimming/acting normally and eating. The tank also has Ember Tetras, Otos, Amano Shrimp, and potentially some Corydoras Habrosus but I haven't seen them in a while. I don't see any growths/etc on the other fish, but they're all so small it's difficult to tell. Ammonia 0 Nitrites 0 Nitrates ~10 pH 7.4 Temperature 77.9F Thanks for the help in advance! Here's also a video of him:
  10. Starting my 10 gallon Betta tank.. it’s been up and running for 5 days have added a betta conditioner 2 moss balls probably around 25% of water from my other thank added 3 live plants and have a sponge filter going. Looking to add my betta ....Was wondering if to add the betta first or the other company..... Was thinking a couple zebra snails some cherry shrimp or panda cory’s Thanks for your time
  11. These are my two tanks. My 20 gallon hex was just recently converted to a fully planted tank a few days ago. It houses a betta, named Creme Brulee, 9 neon tetras, an otocinclus, a guppy, two African dwarf frogs, and a ghost shrimp. They all seem to get along very well, even the shrimp that I thought I would kill immediately with the frogs or betta. I've been binge watching every video I can on aquascaping and aquariums in general. This is my first real attempt at aquatic plants. I feel like I've gotten pretty good at houseplants over this year due to the pandemic and this was my next step in the hobby since my husband said I couldn't get anymore plants since we will be moving soon (GA to the DC area) and he doesn't want to move them.I have had fish tanks since 2011 and worked at pet stores with fish for 4 years so I have the basics down but want to expand my knowledge and maybe someday have a room in my house just for my fish and plants. The 10 gallon tank is a tank I'm cycling for cherry shrimp or crystal shrimp. I have all the tests (TDS meter, Gh, Kh, freshwater master test kit) to see which species based on my water parameters. I have very soft water with a low TDS (under 100) so I'm leaning towards crystal red shrimp since they would require fewer adjustments. I'm hesitant to call it my first attempt at aquascaping but really that's what it is. Lol The plants on the right (Rotala indica) should grow nice and tall to hide the heated and filter nicely. They melted back pretty hard but the new growth I replanted makes me pretty confident that they will be just fine in a few months. I even have a crytocoryne wendtii green that completely melted and the roots seemed firm so I planted them in the tank and they seem to be regrowing new leaves as well! I'm really having some fun with it and I'm definitely getting the itch to get another tank. I'm trying to convince my husband to just let me upgrade the 20 gallon to a 75 but no luck until we move again.
  12. Hi from BC, Canada...so glad I found this forum, I'm new to fish keeping & to forums 🙂 Anyway, this spot showed up three days ago on my Betta, Zora's dorsal fin, and it's creeping me out! So far it's not moving around on his fin. Not sure either, where it would have come from, except maybe the new floating plants I put in his ten gallon tank a week ago? Have since removed them to a 2nd 10 gallon tank I'm cycling. He hasn't had any other issues in the two years I've had him. Since I don't have a clue with what I'm dealing with, the pet store gave me Paraguard *their suggestion* to try. I gave him an hour bath yesterday, but I think he gets too stressed when I take him in & out of his tank because he got pale. So, can I just dose his tank w\one capful of Paraguard *he has no tank mates* but has a large sponge filter, so I won't be able to use carbon to take the med out afterwards. What about aquarium salt? 5 tbsp. for ten gallons? Or would this be too much to use all at once for him to handle? His parameters are: Ammonia - 0 or .25 ppm, Nitrite - 0, Nitrate 5.0, PH - 7.4-7.6, Hard water, don't have exact stats, Temp - 78 F, but does fluctuate in the green zone quite a bit. Sure hope someone has seen this on a fish before and can give me some direction to getting rid of it. Just so you know, since I live in Canada many meds are not available here. Hope to hear from someone soon & thank you for your time 🙂
  13. Hi everyone! I'm Karina and my fish is named Franky Milagros (Miracles..you'll see why below) I purchased Franky from the pet store back in August. In late October I had to go out of town for a bit being that I was so new to being a fish parent I was very worried about leaving him alone I asked a friend to take him home to feed him and watch over him. He had a safe journey and stay with my friend but on his way home there was a major traumatizing situation. His tank spilt even after being wrapped around with towels and a seatbelt. Franky took a dive and fell between the seatbelt hole of the back seat of the car. I was in tears looking for him and about an hour or a little more later we found him under the backseat. By some miracle he was still alive! (Hence his last name) He was clearly traumatized and slow but ever since then his tail just looks tattered. I know it was an accident but still breaks my heart to look at the before and after. I tried tail rot medication I think 3 times and got him a new tank for Christmas. He doesn't have the same amount of energy as he used to doing laps in his tank and such but still likes to hang out on his leaf hammock and in his floating log that Santa brought him. Is there anything I can do to help his tail grow back healthy or will it not grow back and these are just his permanent scars? Any information or insight would help. Thank you in advance!
  14. Hi everyone! We have had our Betta for almost 2 years! He has some type of fin rot or fungus that won’t get better. I’ve tried the combo of the 3 meds I bought from here (maracyn/ichX/paraclense) and am now dosing maracyn/ichX for 5 days. I’ve bought new tank/air stone/live plants/water test fine.. don’t know what else to do. Anyone know what this could be and how to treat? He eats fine and swims fine. Poor Carl. I wish there was a fish doctor I could take him to as he is getting progressively worse it seems.
  15. I’ve had a koi female betta in a 5 gallon bare bottom quarantine tank since the end of November with the 1 male guppy. At the beginning of January she started pineconing on one side and her swimming was off. Eventually she displayed dropsy behavior as well and just sat at the top of the tank. I thought she was a goner but decided to attempt saving her. I added 1/2 tsp of epsom salt to the tank and another 1/2 tsp two days later. Today I checked on her and her pineconing is completely gone but she has a large hole in her side. I have one large piece of lava rock in the tank and she spends most of her time underneath that now instead of at the top as she was when pine coned. She will come out to swim occasionally and I have gotten her to eat live black worms. I have no idea if she will actually recover but the hole in her side really freaked me out. ph-8, temp 85F (usually kept at 80 but raised after betta became sick), nitrates 20
  16. Looking to start a new 10 gallon Betta tank...Was hoping to go the sponge filter route,, have notice when going to buy one they do not come with an air pump. Do you need an air pump also any good name brands I should be looking?? Was thinking about adding some cherry red shrimp and some snails to go with it Some live plants also any suggestions
  17. Hello all! So I've recently got some emerald dwarf rasboras and kuhli loaches who've finished their second week of QT. All looks good, but if I recall correctly, kuhli loaches are generally wild caught. They've had no medication, but would it be recommended to run a paracleanse cycle on them before I put them in their respective tanks? Only 1 loach is still a bit small/paler, but he readily eats. The rest are chonkers at this point. My hesitation is that the QT tank is uncycled, so I'm keeping the ammonia as low as possible with daily water changes. The paracleanse would get in the way of that. My second question is, I just recently lost a betta to a mystery disease, and now his tank is uninhabited other than snails. How long should the tank lie empty in your experience before it's safe to add fish again? Thanks!
  18. I started my aquarium since October. So far I always had a trail and error. First I had a 10 gallon aquarium. But because of the build of that aquarium the circulation was so bad my fish got ick all the time while my water was perfect. In that time I had 6 neon tetras and 5 super blue emperor tetras and they left my beta alone just fine. I now have put them into a new aquarium of 15 gallon but in the beginning I noticed they had not enough air. So I removed the lid and bought an air stone but it was to late for 3 blue emperor tetras and a neon. In these last few days I noticed my betta had huge fin tears. And now I saw the tetras nipping at them. My betta is just to nice to say to back off and I really don't know what to do anymore. Soon he will have no tail left and I was wondering what am I doing wrong? Any advice will help... I also don't know anyone who can take fish I have and store won't take Em back. I also spend so much money now that another aquarium can't help me now...
  19. Every time I think my boy is on the mend, his fin rot suddenly gets worse overnight. I’m heartbroken and I don’t know what to do. I’ve tried salt treatments, stressguard, paraguard, API fin and body cure, Indian almond leaves, and regular tank cleaning. His tank is fully cycled, water parameters are good, and all his plants are either live or silk. He lives with one Amano shrimp and one tiny snail. I’ve had him for nearly a year, and it’s gotten so bad in the last few months. I feel like a terrible fish owner and I just want him to be healthy. Any suggestions would be appreciated it.
  20. Hello all! Unfortunately my betta buddy has come down with a fast acting disease that he's not recovering from and is declining quickly. First visible symptoms appeared with a couple raised scales Tuesday night (still ate though), and overnight it developed into a large open wound/sore. I began treatment on Wednesday with Maracyn and Paracleanse, and while the sore has not changed since then, he is noticeably weaker. Some details on the fish and tank itself: Male Betta, approximately 1.5 years old, had him for almost a year. In this tank for 6 months (proved he was not a community fish...) Tank: 5.5 gallons, established 6 months Tankmates: ..snails. Ammonia/Nitrite/Nitrate: 0/0/5 pH: 7.4 Temp: 78 Hardness/kH: unknown, but the water in my area is known to be hard. Only thing I can think is I did a 50% water change this Saturday and gravel vac'd which did stir up quite a bit of detritus in his tank. Normally I weekly only top off or do a small water change with no siphon, around 10-20% as his tank rarely builds up nitrate. I really hope I didn't kill my buddy, he's my first fish... Picture is the current state of him. Slow, labored breathing, and resting in the roots at the top. Any help would be great, even if it helps me save the next one. Thanks!
  21. Hi everyone, my past few days seem to just be getting worse and worse... I noticed this spot on him, next to his gills could it possibly be columnaris? I'm guessing (hoping that I'm wrong) that it's not, but I'm hoping for some second opinions. He has been put under probably more than a healthy dose of stress recently as I rescaped his tank, and had to remove him from the tank during that. Then I had to do several water changes today to keep the water clean after a physical injury. I've noticed him being lethargic, not coming to the surface very often, sort of drifting around with the current, swimming in an unstable way, a slight list to the right, and swimming into glass, and other objects so he might be trying to scratch himself? My parameters are: Ammonia: 0.05 ppm Nitrite: 0 ppm Nitrate: 10 ppm pH: 7.2 gH: 300 kh: 140 Thanks!
  22. To start off: PH: 7.4 Nitrates: 0ppm (the live plants have always kept the amount very low to showing up as nonexistent lately) Hardness: Unable to test for Nitrite: 0ppm Ammonia: 0ppm KH/Buffer: Unable to test for Water Temperature: 79F Here is a photo of my betta that I took yesterday; nothing external seems out of the ordinary. I also ran a flashlight over him today and saw nothing as well. Some background information to possibly help: I got Samphan on December 18th from a breeder, that is when he arrived. He was placed in a quarantine tank with botanicals, tannins, and salt. I saw no signs of illness and no strange behavior at any point (I am always home, so I’m always consistently observing him). The only thing I ever found slightly odd was how he turns, but that was never concerning, as nothing else showed up in conjunction. Two days ago, I upgraded him to a seven gallon holding tank (he’s going to be transferred into a 20 gallon all to himself once it’s complete) that has been fully cycled since December 22nd. The only thing different about this setup would be the type of bin it is, and that it has many live plants and a light. I test this tank every few days, and tested many days in a row prior to adding Samphan to assure all was well with water parameters. He was drip acclimated to this tank, even though the parameters appeared to be the same. Yesterday, I saw nothing concerning. Today, I woke up maybe a few hours ago at most, and noticed he will occasionally do fast jerky movements, so much so that he even almost threw himself out of the water. He seems to have a voracious appetite today, as he’s been continuously nibbling at plants (though this could be completely normal, especially since this is a new tank for him to experience). There’s NO rubbing/flashing occurring, NO lethargy, nothing externally wrong looking (even with a flashlight). I have a few theories, but I’m curious on what the consensus of others may be. My theories are: Could it be a reflection the bin is producing (as this is a new bin with a thicker plastic)? Perhaps a very early sign of velvet (maybe the plants were still contaminated after they were cleaned long ago)? Maybe even gill flukes I’m unable to see? My last theory is a neurological issue, since he’s always turned a little odd as well. But I don’t think that one would be nearly as probable as the others. What do you all think? Edit: The biological media is in a new filter (it was transferred from the original so the flow was safe for a betta). This filter originally was very loud and sounded broken, even after it was troubleshooted for a few hours. I let it run and it’s improved significantly, making a little noise every now and then. I reached out to the third party seller, but haven’t been responded to. My mom made a comment asking if that could be it, though I’m admittedly not sure. Could this somehow be electrical, perhaps it’s shorting out or malfunctioning and bothering the fish?
  23. Ok everyone! I know you got them so let’s see them! Show. Off. Those. BETTAS!!! Here is mine. He is a Green Dragon. I’m quite proud of him. He is super cool.
  24. I’m getting a Betta tomorrow and wondering if I could feed him xtreme krill flakes? I also have fluval bug bites I was planing on feeding him. I can purchase betta food if need be I was just wondering if this would be good for him or not since read they need a very high protein high diet.
  25. I have several 10 gallon tanks, each with one male betta. Each tank has live plants and a led plant light. I use aquarium gravel in some tanks and CaribSea EcoComplete plant substrate in other tanks. I’m careful so that I don’t over feed, I keep the tanks cleaned, change the water as needed, and make sure the parameters are what they should be. I recently added 2 nerite snails per tank in some tanks for algae control, but it doesn’t seem to be enough to keep the algae at bay. And I’m having a problem with hair algae particularly in the one tank, and that tank now has a gazillion copopods, which I would prefer not to have. I just started to lessen the time the lights are on to see if that helps with algae control. I’ve seen where Cory has mentioned an algae clean up crew, but now can’t find the article where he described exactly what the crew consists of. What would be a good algae cleaning crew for my 10 gallon tanks? Thanks
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