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Biotope Biologist

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  • Birthday August 30

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  1. Depends on the water softener they use. It seems often times they use some sort of sodium salt I've been reading alot about what they use in the well water as I'm preparing to make a video on why different locales have different water
  2. We have never had issues with cherry barbs. Very peaceful and that red pops against the green background of plants. I vaguely recall having them with neon tetra as a kid but then again I don't trust my memory 😋
  3. Paradise fish are fairly peaceful from what I understand and it has good color. Unless you notice bullying I'd just leave it be
  4. For a 3 gallon you could get ADA soil for $20. A 3L bag would probably be plenty. I consider that the most expensivest on the market so anything under that should be cheaper.
  5. glolights are terrible. Basically just rebranded black lights, and black lights are bad for all vision human or otherwise in the long term. I would suggest using a light that has a bunch of dark blue LED's. You will still want natural white LED's in them to provide normal fish behavior, but the blue will reflect off the glofish (tm) protein in their skin allowing for them to appear visually brighter. As for substrate, white sand would likely be the best bet, I have seen people fleck in some brightly colored gravel to give contrast as well that stands out. While there is some debate over whether gfps (green fluorescent proteins) are ethical, I choose to abstain from conversations of that nature. They have provided break through in scientific research including nocturnal marine behavior.
  6. Welcome and good luck! If you have any questions feel free to ask, you just entered the friendliest place on the internet
  7. I just wanted to provide an update. I work weird hours so today is my Friday, and what better way than to read science articles all night with a cold beer. I think I have decided to stray away from TDS and TSS as it's kinda a pandora's box I don't really want to get into. Per @OnlyGenusCaps suggestion I am doing a deep dive on physiological functions and how they "interact" (heavy quotations, thus bold) with water parameters. I still want to provide an intro chapter on chemistry before I go into the biological, as it is very important for grasping the fundamentals of WHY this stuff happens in the first place. Instead of just spewing technical jargon and hoping some of it sticks. @Guppysnail I will try and look into that, is there a general area of the U.S or Canada that you live that this is specific to? I am curious as to what they are using to maintain pH as well, and hope I can maybe talk about why people see different water parameters from the tap based on locale. Unfortunately if I do decide to do this, I can only focus on North America. Trying to diagnose everybody's tap source would take up a whole video and a half Special guest appearances you should expect in my video: - Discus and angelfish physiology -shrimp, crab, and shellfish shell generation - zebrafish (danio) a scientist's best friend -humor, seriously this is important Sorry for the word spew, my research is going great and I am just excited
  8. When I had a tank full of rejects I had to provide at least 6 hikari algae wafers. 3 would go to the bristlenose pleco stash, 1 would go to the chinese algae eater, 2 the goldfish would eat practically whole. The goldfish would then proceed to harass the bristlenose for his stash. Sometimes he would make away with another 1. All this is to say most aquarium fish are omnivorous and love to go at algae wafers from time to time
  9. I know all too well what that feels like. It goes smoother with each failure is the motto that keeps me afloat
  10. I know nothing of breeds of flowerhorn, but I can tell you they are quite personable fish that will absolutely prove to be interesting interior designers. Anything you dont want moved in the aquarium should be heavily weighted. They are incredible diggers, so providing lots of substrate to move stimulates them. They are a fish that struggles with boredom and depression. I always recommend with intelligent fish to get neutral buoyancy bobs at a fishing supply store, one that cannot fit in it's mouth. They love playing with these things. I think that the males can sometimes get infections or rub their bulbous head raw, so as an adult, if it's male you will want to watch out for those behaviors.
  11. If you have space in the aquarium using a net and a breeder basket or another net is my go to. Herding them with one net into the other net or container.
  12. Cyanobacteria along with algae and of course plants are great for the aquarium and keeping a well balanced ecosystem, which I believe you have posted about somewhere else. It's that old saying of too much of a good thing is a bad thing. While I don't know anything beyond that since I only studied freshwater as a source of pollution for marine ecosystems. I think it is a fascinating conversation, especially now that here in the Seattle area many of the lakes and ponds have no swimming allowed due to bacteria and algae blooms. I believe it causes skin irritation but I'm not sure what else.
  13. Not necessarily in the home aquarium. Or at least I have never heard of it in the home aquaria. But in lakes and ponds yes it can cause toxic cyanobacteria blooms. Just keep in mind that algae and plants both respire at night which in large enough quantities can suffocate fish. Again really rare, but saying just algae blooms doesn't necessarily mean that algae can't be harmful.
  14. You will need kH to help buffer your pH. Your pH may raise because of the increased kH. Since you have a high gH, coral will not dissolve as readily as in a tank with no kH or gH. This is because coral is calcium carbonate and the calcium part is measured by gH (in part). I would recommend carbonate salts to remediate your low kH.
  15. I would recommend buying a phosphate test kit if you think you have phosphates or go to a LFS that has comprehensive water testing, they will usually charge you for parameters testing outside the normal pH, kH, gH, etc. But it's usually only a few bucks. The only time I've ever seen phosphates high enough to worry about was on well water in farmland.
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